Prevention Science

, Volume 13, Issue 5, pp 462–471 | Cite as

Tobacco Outlet Density and Demographics: A Geographically Weighted Regression Analysis

  • Raymond Sanchez Mayers
  • Lyna L. Wiggins
  • Fontaine H. Fulghum
  • N. Andrew Peterson


Previous studies have indicated that tobacco outlets seem to be clustered in low-income minority neighborhoods. This study utilized a cross-sectional design to examine the relationships among minority status, median household income, population density, commercial land use, and location of tobacco outlets at the census tract level in Polk County, Iowa. Using geographically weighted regression, this study re-examines one previously carried out in the same location by Schneider et al. (Prevention Science 6: 319–325, 2005). Contrary to that and some other previous studies, this research found no relationship between tobacco outlet density and percent Hispanic, and found a negative relationship with regard to two variables—that of being African American and median household income. Positive significant relationships were found with population density and land use.


Tobacco outlets Geographically weighted regression African Americans Hispanics Tobacco and demographics 


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Copyright information

© Society for Prevention Research 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raymond Sanchez Mayers
    • 1
  • Lyna L. Wiggins
    • 2
  • Fontaine H. Fulghum
    • 1
  • N. Andrew Peterson
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Social WorkRutgers UniversityNew BrunswickUSA
  2. 2.Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public PolicyRutgers UniversityNew BrunswickUSA

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