Photosynthesis Research

, Volume 139, Issue 1–3, pp 107–121 | Cite as

Changes in the photosynthesis properties and photoprotection capacity in rice (Oryza sativa) grown under red, blue, or white light

  • Saber Hamdani
  • Naveed Khan
  • Shahnaz Perveen
  • Mingnan Qu
  • Jianjun Jiang
  • Govindjee
  • Xin-Guang ZhuEmail author
Original Article


Non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) of the excited state of chlorophyll a is a major photoprotective mechanism plants utilize to survive under high light. Here, we report the impact of long-term light quality treatment on photosynthetic properties, especially NPQ in rice. We used three LED-based light regimes, i.e., red (648–672 nm), blue (438–460 nm), and “warm” white light (529–624 nm), with the incident photon flux density of 300 µmol photons m−2 s−1, the difference in the absorbed photon flux densities by leaves grown under different light quality being less than 7%. Our results show that blue light, as compared to white light, induced a significant decrease in Fv/Fm, a decreased rate of reduction of P700+ after P700 was completely oxidized; furthermore, blue light also induced higher NPQ with an increased initial speed of NPQ induction, which corresponds to the qE component of NPQ, and a lower maximum quantum yield of PSII, i.e., Y(II). In contrast, rice grown under long-term red light showed decreased Y(II) and increased NPQ, but with no change in Fv/Fm. Furthermore, we found that rice grown under either blue or red light showed decreased transcript abundance of both catalase and ascorbate peroxidase, together with an increased H2O2 content, as compared to rice grown under white light. All these data suggest that even under a moderate incident light level, rice grown under blue or red light led to compromised antioxidant system, which contributed to decreased quantum yield of photosystem II and increased NPQ.


Antioxidant system Effective quantum yield of PSII Light quality Non-photochemical quenching of the excited state of chlorophyll a Oryza sativa Quantum yield of regulated energy dissipation in PSII 



This work was supported by Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Grant No. XDB27020105, CAS-TWAS President’s Fellowship Program, the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) strategic leading project on agriculture XDA08020301 and National Basic Research and Development Program of the Ministry of Science and Technology of China 2015CB150104, 2014AA101601, National Science Foundation # C020401. Govindjee thanks the office of Information Technology, Life Sciences, the Department of Plant Biology and the Department of Biochemistry for support.

Author contributions

SH and XZ designed and conducted the research. SH, NK, SP, MQ, and JJ performed research. SH, NK, G, and XZ wrote the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no competing financial interests.

Supplementary material

11120_2018_589_MOESM1_ESM.docx (713 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 713 KB)
11120_2018_589_MOESM2_ESM.docx (16 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 16 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saber Hamdani
    • 1
  • Naveed Khan
    • 2
  • Shahnaz Perveen
    • 1
  • Mingnan Qu
    • 1
  • Jianjun Jiang
    • 1
  • Govindjee
    • 3
  • Xin-Guang Zhu
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.National Key Laboratory for Plant Molecular Genetics, Center of Excellence for Molecular Plant Sciences, Institute of Plant Physiology and EcologyChinese Academy of SciencesShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Max-Planck Partner Institute of Computational Biology, Shanghai Institute of Biological SciencesUniversity of Chinese Academy of SciencesShanghaiChina
  3. 3.Department of Biochemistry, Department of Plant Biology, and Center of Biophysics and Quantitative BiologyUniversity of Illinois at Urbana ChampaignUrbanaUSA

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