Photosynthesis Research

, Volume 98, Issue 1–3, pp 219–227 | Cite as

A new look on the formation and interaction of elementary particles in atoms and molecules including photoreaction centers

  • V. A. Shuvalov


Possible role of high-energy bosons (virtual photons) is discussed with respect to the formation of elementary particles and their interaction in nucleus, many-electron atom, and molecule including photoreaction centers. Using properties of the photons, the expressions for calculations of the mass of particles, of the energy of electrons and their distances from nucleus in atoms, of the dissociation energy and distances between atoms in molecules were found which give results in good agreement with experimental data. This approach allows doing calculations in rather complicated system like photoreaction centers in which chlorophyll molecules form electron transfer chain.


Bacterial and photosystem II reaction centers Charge separation Charge transfer state Primary electron donor and acceptor Femtosecond spectroscopy Photons Elementary particles Many-electron atoms 



I would like to acknowledge very useful discussion with Prof. G. Renger, Prof. V.A. Skulachev, Prof. F.F. Litvin and Dr. N.D. Gudkov. This work was supported by FS and MCB grants from the Russian Academy of Sciences, grants from the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, grants from Ministry of education and science of RF.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.AN Belosersky Institute of Physical-Chemical BiologyMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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