Ascorbate peroxidase–thioredoxin interaction
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Proteomics data have suggested ascorbate peroxidase (APX) to be a potential thioredoxin-interacting protein. Using recombinant enzymes, we observed that incubation of pea cytosolic APX with reduced poplar thioredoxins h drastically inactivated the peroxidase. A similar inactivation is induced by reduced glutathione and dithiothreitol, whereas diamide and oxidized glutathione have no effect. Oxygen consumption measurements, modifications of the APX visible spectrum and protection by hydrogen peroxide scavenging enzymes suggest that APX oxidizes thiols leading to the generation of thiyl radicals. These radicals can in turn react with thiyl anions to produce the disulfide radical anions, which are responsible for oxygen reduction and subsequent hydrogen peroxide production. The APX inactivation is not due solely to hydrogen peroxide since fluorimetry indicates that the environment of the APX tryptophan residues is dramatically modified only in the presence of thiol groups. The physiological implications of this interaction are discussed.
KeywordsThioredoxins Ascorbate peroxidase Glutathione Inactivation Thiyl radical
NADH thioredoxin reductase
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