Positivity

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On commutator of generalized Aluthge transformations and Fuglede–Putnam theorem

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Abstract

Let \(A=U|A|\) be the polar decomposition of A on a complex Hilbert space \({\mathscr {H}}\) and \(0<s,t\). Then \({\widetilde{A}}_{s, t}=|A|^sU|A|^t\) and \({\widetilde{A}}_{s, t}^{(*)}=|A^*|^sU|A^*|^t\) are called the generalized Aluthge transformation and generalized \(*\)-Aluthge transformation of A, respectively. A pair (AB) of operators is said to have the Fuglede–Putnam property (breifly, the FP-property) if \(AX=XB\) implies \(A^*X=XB^*\) for every operator X. We prove that if (AB) has the FP-property, then \(({\widetilde{A}}_{s, t},{\widetilde{B}}_{s, t})\) and \((({\widetilde{A}}_{s, t})^{*},({\widetilde{B}}_{s, t})^{*})\) has the FP-property for every \(s,t>0\) with \(s+t=1\). Also, we prove that \(({\widetilde{A}}_{s, t},{\widetilde{B}}_{s, t})\) has the FP-property if and only if \((({\widetilde{A}}_{s, t})^{*},({\widetilde{B}}_{s, t})^{*})\) has the FP-property, where AB are invertible and \( 0 < s, t \) with \( s + t =1\). Moreover, we prove that if \(0 < s, t\) and \({\widetilde{A}}_{s, t}\) is positive and invertible, then \(\left\| {\widetilde{A}}_{s, t}X-X{\widetilde{A}}_{s, t}\right\| \le \left\| A\right\| ^{2t}\left\| ({\widetilde{A}}_{s, t})^{-1}\right\| \left\| X\right\| \) for every operator X. Also, if \( 0 <s, t\) and X is positive, then \(\left\| |{\widetilde{A}}_{s, t}|^{2r} X-X|{\widetilde{A}}_{s, t}|^{2r}\right\| \le \frac{1}{2}\left\| |A|\right\| ^{2r}\left\| X\right\| \) for every \(r>0\).

Keywords

w-hyponormal operators Fuglede–Putnam theorem Quasinormal operators Partial isometry 

Mathematics Subject Classification

47B20 47A10 47A11 

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Faculty of ScienceMu’tah UniversityAlkarakJordan
  2. 2.Department of MathematicsTohoku Medical and Pharmaceutical UniversitySendaiJapan

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