Public Organization Review

, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp 207–217 | Cite as

As Public Goes Private, Social Emerges: The Rise of Social Enterprise

  • Mark Richard Hayllar
  • Roger Wettenhall


This article explores the relationship between social enterprise and a much-longer known set of arrangements generally comprehended as “public enterprise” (or “state-owned enterprise”). It considers the decline in some contexts in the use of, and interest in, public enterprise that reflects the impact of the privatization movement, and the rise of social enterprise as an alternative form—with speculation about cause-and-effect connections between these movements. An exploration of this sort may contribute in the longer term to a better understanding of the place of “public”, “social” and “community” values and structures within the general framework of governance.


Public enterprise Social enterprise Privatization Public Social Community 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Public and Social AdministrationCity University of Hong KongKowloon TongHong Kong
  2. 2.ANZSOG Institute for GovernanceUniversity of CanberraBelconnenAustralia

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