As Public Goes Private, Social Emerges: The Rise of Social Enterprise
- 786 Downloads
This article explores the relationship between social enterprise and a much-longer known set of arrangements generally comprehended as “public enterprise” (or “state-owned enterprise”). It considers the decline in some contexts in the use of, and interest in, public enterprise that reflects the impact of the privatization movement, and the rise of social enterprise as an alternative form—with speculation about cause-and-effect connections between these movements. An exploration of this sort may contribute in the longer term to a better understanding of the place of “public”, “social” and “community” values and structures within the general framework of governance.
KeywordsPublic enterprise Social enterprise Privatization Public Social Community
- Barrakeet, J., & Archer, V. (2010). Social inclusion through community enterprise? Examining the available evidence. Third Sector Review, 16(1), 13–28.Google Scholar
- Coombs, D. (1971). State enterprise: Business or politics? London: Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
- Erman, A. (1969). Life in Ancient Egypt (translated by H.M. Tirad). New York: Benjamin Blom (first published 1894).Google Scholar
- Farazmand, A. (2001). Privatization and public enterprise reform in Post-Revolutionary Iran. In A. Farazmand (Ed.), Privatization or public enterprise reform? (pp. 175–200). Westport: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
- Gernet, J. (1982). A history of Chinese civilization (translated by J. R. Foster). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (first published 1972).Google Scholar
- Grameen Bank. (2013). http://en.Wikipedia.org/wiki.Grameen_Bank. [accessed 5.2.2013].
- Hampson, G. (2010). Social enterprise: All frontline staff given right to run services http://socialenterpriselive.com/section/news/public-services/20101117/all-frontli… [accessed 5.12.2012].
- Hayllar, M. R., & Wettenhall, R. (2011). Social enterprise: what is it, and how can it be strengthened? The Asia Pacific Journal of Public Administration, 33(1), 17–36.Google Scholar
- Hertz, N. (2011). Co-op capitalism: A new economic model from the carnage of the old.Manchester: Think-piece 6, Cooperatives UK.Google Scholar
- HKHAB (Hong Kong Home Affairs Bureau) (2008). Promoting the further development of social enterprise (Report of Subcommittee to Study the Subject of Combating Poverty), LC Paper No. CB(2) 2491/07-08(01).Google Scholar
- Kitiwaki, Y. (2011). ‘New Public Commons’: a financial retrenchment method for Japan. Asian Review of Public Administration, 22(2), 34–46.Google Scholar
- Letwin, O. (Minister for Government Policy) & Alexander, D. (Chief Secretary to Treasury). (2012). Open public services 2012. London: Cabinet Office.Google Scholar
- McKinlay, P. (1999). Public ownership and the community. Wellington: Institute for Policy Studies, Victoria University of Wellington.Google Scholar
- Mintzberg, H. (2012). Remarks in launching his Rebalancing society: Radical renewal beyond Adam Smith and Marx at the Bertha Centre for Social Innovation and Entrepreneurship at the University of Capetown’s Graduate School of Business.Google Scholar
- Ostrom, E., et al. (Eds.). (2002). The drama of the commons. Washington: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
- Ramanadham, V. V. (1984). The nature of public enterprise. London: Croom Helm.Google Scholar
- Social Enterprise UK (2011). Fightback Britain, available at http://www.socialenterprise.org.uk/data/files/publications/Fightback_Britain.pdf .
- Verney, D. V. (1959). Public enterprise in Sweden. Liverpool: University of Liverpool Press.Google Scholar
- Wettenhall, R. (2009). Mixed enterprise and the Global Financial Crisis: relevance for the 21st century of a 20th century institution. Asian Review of Public Administration, 21(1/2), 47–70.Google Scholar
- Wettenhall, R., & Thynne, I. (2005a). Ownership and management in the public sphere: governance issues and concerns. The Asia Pacific Journal of Public Administration, 27(2), 263–290.Google Scholar
- Wettenhall, R. & Thynne, I. (Eds). (2005b). Symposium on public ownership and enterprise management, The Asia Pacific Journal of Public Administration. 27(2).Google Scholar
- World Bank. (1995). Bureaucrats in business: The economics and politics of government ownership. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar