Public Organization Review

, Volume 14, Issue 2, pp 127–138 | Cite as

Brand Awareness and Attitudes Towards Political Advertisements in Sport Video Games

  • Patrick Walsh
  • Galen Clavio
  • Susan Mullane
  • Warren Whisenant


Due to the growth of the video game industry, the practice of in-game advertising, and the desirable game player demographics, then U.S. Presidential candidate Barack Obama placed early voting advertisements in a series of online sport video games during his 2008 presidential campaign. The purpose of this study was to examine the awareness of these political ads and the attitudes towards the ads when compared to advertisements featuring corporate brands. The results suggest there were higher levels of awareness for the political themed advertisements while attitude enhancement was more likely to occur for advertisements which featured corporate brands.


Political advertising In-game advertising Brand awareness Brand enhancement Political campaign 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patrick Walsh
    • 1
  • Galen Clavio
    • 1
  • Susan Mullane
    • 2
  • Warren Whisenant
    • 2
  1. 1.Indiana UniversityBloomingtonUSA
  2. 2.University of MiamiCoral GablesUSA

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