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Population and Environment

, Volume 33, Issue 4, pp 333–346 | Cite as

Proximity to industrial toxins and childhood respiratory, developmental, and neurological diseases: environmental ascription in East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana

  • Cristina Legot
  • Bruce London
  • Anna Rosofsky
  • John Shandra
Brief Report

Abstract

Recent research has identified East Baton Rouge Parish (EBR), Louisiana, as a locus of particularly high volumes of emissions of developmental neurotoxins, i.e., those toxins that put children’s health and, especially, learning abilities at greatest risk. This case study specifies the degree to which proximity to the main sources of these toxins in EBR is associated, in a bivariate sense, with high rates of neurodevelopmental diseases among children, as well as rates of childhood asthma, at the zip code level. We also examine the bivariate relationship between proximity to toxins and race and class. Even within this highly polluted context encompassing twenty zip codes, we find very strong patterns: disease rates are significantly higher in zip codes close to pollution “hot spots” than in more distant zip codes, as are percent minority and percent poverty. These patterns add to the body of evidence on “environmental ascription”, the existence of multiple, overlapping ascriptions based on race, class, and “place”, with additional emphasis on, and implications for, children’s health.

Keywords

Environmental inequality Environmental ascription 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cristina Legot
    • 1
  • Bruce London
    • 2
  • Anna Rosofsky
    • 3
  • John Shandra
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of SociologyBoston CollegeBostonUSA
  2. 2.Department of SociologyClark UniversityWorcesterUSA
  3. 3.Department of Environmental Science and PlanningClark UniversityWorcesterUSA
  4. 4.Department of SociologySUNYStony BrookUSA

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