Population and Environment

, Volume 28, Issue 1, pp 1–16 | Cite as

Population, nutrition and agriculture

  • Bernard Gilland
Original Paper


The human carrying capacity of the world or a country is considered as a function of food consumption per capita. A method of assessing carrying capacity is described, and it is shown that the world’s population currently exceeds the global carrying capacity, that the population of the less-developed countries (LDCs) exceeds their carrying capacity, and that this situation cannot be expected to change more than marginally in the period up to 2050. It is also shown that a major increase in the global consumption of nitrogen fertilizer will be necessary if world crop production per capita is to be maintained at the current inadequate level.


Population Nutrition Animal protein Cereal yield Nitrogen fertilizer 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.EspergaerdeDenmark

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