Wavelength channel minimization-based energy-aware mechanism in a multichannel EPON
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We propose an energy-aware mechanism (EAM) applicable to the multichannel Ethernet Passive Optical Network that can minimize the number of wavelength channels used and save energy. Wavelength channel minimization is processed by collecting the information such as request message, allocated grant, and start time of each optical network unit (ONU) transmission in the previously elapsed scheduling cycles and comparing it with the buffer occupancy and packet delay conditions of the ONUs required by the user’s quality-of-service requirement. They are exchanged between the optical line terminal (OLT) and the ONUs via the multipoint control protocol. In this way, at the beginning of each scheduling cycle, the ONU’s buffer occupancy and packet delay conditions can be evaluated, and then, the OLT decides the smallest number of wavelength channels to be used in the current scheduling cycle. By turning off the OLT receivers corresponding to the unused wavelength channels, the OLT can save energy. The performance of the proposed EAM was evaluated through simulations using nonjoint off-line dynamic bandwidth allocation and dynamic wavelength assignment algorithms. The results showed that the OLT receivers’ power consumption could be reduced by 48 % on average.
KeywordsEnergy-aware mechanism Multichannel EPON Wavelength channel minimization Wavelength tuning time
This research was supported by the MSIP (Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning), Korea, under the C-ITRC (Convergence Information Technology Research Center) (IITP-2015-H8601-15-1006) supervised by the IITP (Institute for Information & communications Technology Promotion).
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