Photonic Network Communications

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 311–335 | Cite as

A Detailed Analysis and Performance Comparison of Wavelength Reservation Schemes for Optical Burst Switched Networks

  • Jing Teng
  • George N. Rouskas


We present a detailed analysis of the JIT, JET, and Horizon wavelength reservation schemes for optical burst switched (OBS) networks. Our analysis accounts for several important parameters, including the burst offset length, and the optical switching and hardware processing overheads associated with bursts as they travel across the network. The contributions of our work include: (i) analytical models of JET and Horizon (on a single OBS node) that are more accurate than previously published ones, and which are valid for general burst length and offset length distributions; (ii) the determination of the regions of parameter values in which a more complex reservation scheme reduces to a simpler one; and (iii) a new reservation scheme, JIT+, which is as simple to implement as JIT, but whose performance tracks that of Horizon and JET. We compare the performance of the four wavelength reservation schemes on a single OBS node, as well as on a path of OBS nodes with cross traffic, under various sets of parameter values. Our major finding is that, under reasonable assumptions regarding the current and future state-of-the-art in optical switch and electronic hardware technologies, the simplicity of JIT and JIT+ seem to outweigh any performance benefits of Horizon and JET.


optical burst switching wavelength reservation just-in-time signaling 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    Qiao, C., Yoo, M. January 1999Optical burst switching (OBS)-A new paradigm for an optical InternetJournal of High Speed Networks86984Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Turner, J. S. January 1999Terabit burst switchingJournal of High␣Speed Networks8316Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Wei, J. Y., McFarland, R. I. December 2000Just-in-time signaling for WDM optical burst switching networksIEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology1820192037Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Baldine, I., Rouskas, G. N., Perros, H. G., Stevenson, D. 2002Jumpstart: A just-in-time signaling architecture for WDM burst-switched networksIEEE Communications Magazine408289Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Duser, M., Bayvel, P. April 2002Analysis of a dynamically wavelength-routed, optical burst switched network architectureIEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology20574585Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    J. Y. Wei, J. L. Pastor, R. S. Ramamurthy, Y. Tsai, Just-in-time optical burst switching for multiwavelength networks. In IFIP TC6 WG6.2 Fifth International Conference on Broadband Communications, (Kluwer Academic Publishers, November 1999). pp. 339–352Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    Dolzer, K., Gauger, C., Späth, J. January 2001Evaluation of reservation mechanisms for optical burst switchingAEÜ International Journal of Electronics and Communications551826Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    K. Dolzer, C. Gauger, On burst assembly in optical burst switching networks – a performance evaluation of Just-Enough-Time, In Proceedings of the 17th International Teletraffic Congress, (Salvador, Brazil, September 2001), pp. 149–161Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    Verma, S., Chaskar, H., Ravikanth, R. November/December 2000Optical burst switching: a viable solution for terabit IP backboneIEEE Network144853Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    Yoo, M., Qiao, C., Dixit, S. October 2000QoS performance of optical burst switching in IP-over-WDM networksJournal on Selected Areas in Communications1820622071Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    Xiong, Y., Vandenhoute, M., Cankaya, H. C. October 2000Control architecture in optical burst-switched WDM networksIEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications1818381851Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    Callegati, F., Cankaya, H. C., Xiong, Y., Vandenhoute, M. 1999Design issues of optical IP routers for internet backbone applicationsIEEE Communications Magazine37124128Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    J. Xu, C. Qiao, J. Li, G. Xu, Efficient channel scheduling algorithms in optical burst switched networks, In Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM, (San Francisco, USA, April 2003), vol. 3, pp. 2268–2278Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    M. Yang, S. Q. Zheng, D. Verchere, A QoS supporting scheduling algorithm for optical burst switching DWDM networks. In Global Telecommunications Conference, (San Antonio, Texas, November 2001) vol. 1, pp. 86–91Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    C. Gauger, Dimensioning of FDL buffers for optical burst switching nodes, In Proceedings of the 5th IFIP Optical Network Design and Modeling Conference (ONDM 2002), (Torino, Italy, February 2002)Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    Ge, A., Callegati, F., Tamil, L. S. March 2000On optical burst switching and self-similar trafficIEEE Communications Letters498100Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    X. Yu, Y. Chen, C. Qiao, A study of traffic statistics of assembled burst traffic in optical burst switched networks, In Proceedings of Opticomm, (Denver, Colorado, August 2001), pp. 149–159Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    http://jumpstart.anr.mcnc.orgGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    http://www.ic-arda.orgGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    Baldine, I., Rouskas, G. N., Perros, H. G., Stevenson, D. November/December 2003Signaling support for multicast and QoS within the JumpStart WDM burst switching architectureOptical Networks46880Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    I. Baldine, M. Cassada, A. Bragg, G. Karmous-Edwards, D. Stevenson, Just-in-time optical burst switching implementation in the ATDnet all-optical networking testbed, In Proceedings of Globecom 2003, (San Francisco, USA, December 2003), vol. 5, pp. 2777–2781Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    Zaim, A. H., Baldine, I., Cassada, M., Rouskas, G. N., Perros, H.␣G., Stevenson, D. February 2003Jumpstart just-in-time signaling protocol: A formal description using extended finite state machinesOptical Engineering42568585Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    Chu, P. B., Lee, S. S., Park, S. March 2002MEMS: The path to large optical crossconnectsIEEE Communications Magazine408087Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    M. Yoo, C. Qiao, Just-enough-time (JET): A high speed protocol for bursty traffic in optical networks, In IEEE/LEOS Technol. Global Information Infrastructure, (Montreal, Canada, August 1997), pp. 26–27Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    L. Kleinrock, Queueing Systems The Volume 1: Theory (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1975)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceNorth Carolina State UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations