Electrochemical Corrosion Behavior of Air-Exposed Zr–Mn–Cr–Ni–V Alloy
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Scanning electron microscopy and electron microprobe analysis show that the ZrMnCrNiV alloy has a dendritic structure and is chemically inhomogeneous. The corrosion mechanism for the unexposed alloy and the alloy exposed in air for 7 and 15 days, followed by aging in a 30% KOH solution, is the same: corrosion originates at the interphase boundary and propagates along it, which is typical of pitting corrosion. If the alloy is preliminary exposed in air, its surface has a greater number of pittings, but all of them are smaller in area and depth, making the corrosion process more uniform. In hydrogenation–dehydrogenation of this alloy, even more uniform distribution of smaller corrosion areas is observed. Studies of the corrosion resistance of this alloy in a KOH solution carried out by atomic adsorption spectrometry show that the alloy powder exposed in air has higher corrosion resistance compared to the unexposed powder. Electrochemical corrosion studies of the alloy conducted in the anodic region using the method of polarization curves indicate that the corrosion rate for the unexposed and exposed alloys is controlled by the rate at which passivating films form. The most extensive passivation region is observed in the alloy exposed in air for 15 days. It shows adequate corrosion resistance in a 30% KOH solution. The cyclic resistance studies for the electrodes produced from the alloy powder exposed for 10 days, at a discharge to potential difference E = –1.0 V and E = –0.8 V, demonstrate that oxidation in the hydrogenation-dehydrogenation process affects the cyclic resistance. It is found that there is liming time for exposing the alloy in air (as an ingot and/or powder) after which the cyclic resistance deteriorates.
KeywordsZr alloy hydrogenation air exposure
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