Powder Metallurgy and Metal Ceramics

, Volume 56, Issue 9–10, pp 523–534 | Cite as

Study of Processing and Microstructure of Copper Composite Reinforced with Graphene Nanosheet by Powder Metallurgy Technique

  • N. Vijay Ponraj
  • A. Azhagurajan
  • S. C. Vettivel
  • X. Sahaya Shajan
  • P. Y. Nabhiraj

Copper (Cu) composite reinforced with graphene nanosheet (GNS) is obtained by powder metallurgy technique. The microstructure and mechanical properties were investigated based on the Cu composite reinforced with various GNS content (0, 1, and 2 wt.%). The characterization is carried out through Raman spectra (RS), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), high resolution scanning electron microscopy (HR-SEM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The results show that GNS is uniformly dispersed in the Cu particle. Raman spectra and FTIR demonstrate the reduction of GNS from Graphene oxide (GO) oxide in GNS after heat treatment at 550 and 650°C. The TEM analysis confirms GNS to be 3–5 nm in size. During compression tests, the Cu–2 wt.% GNS composite demonstrates 9% higher compressive stress compared to pure Cu.


copper GNS FTIR HRSEM sintering powder metallurgy 



Authors are grateful for the financial assistance of the Board of research in nuclear science, Department of atomic energy, and Government of India within the Project No. 34/14/64/2014-BRNS/2140.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Vijay Ponraj
    • 1
  • A. Azhagurajan
    • 2
  • S. C. Vettivel
    • 3
  • X. Sahaya Shajan
    • 4
  • P. Y. Nabhiraj
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringPSN College of Engineering and TechnologyTirunelveliIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringMepco Schlenk Engineering CollegeSivakasiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringChandigarh College of Engineering and TechnologyChandigarhIndia
  4. 4.Centre for Scientific and Applied ResearchPSN College of Engineering and TechnologyTirunelveliIndia
  5. 5.ECR Division, Variable Energy Cyclotron CentreKolkataIndia

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