Powder Metallurgy and Metal Ceramics

, Volume 53, Issue 5–6, pp 275–287 | Cite as

Microstructure and Abrasive Wear Behavior of CuSn10–Graphite Composites Produced by Powder Metallurgy

  • A. Canakci
  • H. Cuvalci
  • T. Varol
  • F. Erdemir
  • S. Ozkaya
  • E. D. Yalcin

In this study, CuSn10 metal-matrix composites (MMCs) reinforced with 0, 1, 3, and 5 vol.% graphite particulates were fabricated by powder metallurgy. The microstructure, relative density, hardness, and abrasive wear behavior of the composites were investigated. The abrasive wear tests were conducted on unreinforced matrix and CuSn10–graphite composites using a pin-on-disk-type machine. The effects of sliding distance, applied load, graphite particle content, and abrasive grit sizes on the abrasive wear properties of the composites have been evaluated. The microstructure evolution of composites and the main wear mechanisms were identified using a scanning electron microscope and an energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometer (EDS). The density and hardness of the sintered CuSn10–graphite composites decreased with increasing graphite content. The abrasive wear resistance increased with increasing graphite content, but the abrasive wear resistance decreased with increasing sliding distance, applied load, and abrasive grit size. Moreover, the wear resistance of the composite was found to be considerably higher than that of the CuSn10 matrix alloy and increased with increasing graphite particle content.


abrasive wear CuSn10 matrix composites powder metallurgy graphite particle 



The authors are grateful to the Karadeniz Technical University Research Fund for financial support to this research (No. 2010.112.0105).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Canakci
    • 1
  • H. Cuvalci
    • 1
  • T. Varol
    • 1
  • F. Erdemir
    • 1
  • S. Ozkaya
    • 1
  • E. D. Yalcin
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Engineering FacultyKaradeniz Technical UniversityTrabzonTurkey
  2. 2.Abdullah Kanca Vocational School of Higher Education Karadeniz Technical UniversityTrabzonTurkey

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