Powder Metallurgy and Metal Ceramics

, Volume 50, Issue 9–10, pp 586–595 | Cite as

Comparison study of single direction and friction assisted compaction of multiple alloy powders by finite element simulation

  • Zhu Yuanzhi 
  • Li Junchao 
  • Liang Dongmei 
  • Xiang Zhidong 
  • Yin Zhimin 

A comparative study is conducted by compaction experiments and finite element simulations on the compaction behavior of multiple alloy powders in the traditional single direction compaction and in the friction-assisted-compaction processes. The results suggest that, in the single direction compaction, stress, strain, and density of the green compacts along the vertical direction are not uniform due to the effects of the friction between the side die wall and powder particles; the density on the top of the green compacts is higher than that in the bottom. However, in the friction assisted compaction process, the density distribution along the vertical direction is more uniform and the density near the middle part of the green compacts is only slightly lower than that at the top and bottom parts of the green compact.


multiple alloy single direction compaction friction assisted compaction finite element simulation 



This work is supported by The National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 50874083), the Foundation for Distinguished Young Scientists of Hubei Province of China (No. 2009CDA044), and the Foundation of Hu’bei Educational Committee (No. Q20091110).


  1. 1.
    S. M. Tahir and A. K. Ariffin, “Fracture in metal powder compaction,” Int. J. Solids Struct., 43, No. 6, 528–1542 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kazuyoshi Sato, Hiroya Abe, Makio Naito, et al., “Structure of strength-limiting flaws in alumina ceramics made by the powder granule compaction process,” Adv. Powder Technol., 17, No. 2, 219–228 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Poquillon, V. Baco-Carles, Tailhades, and E. Andrieu, “Cold compaction of iron powders—relations between powder morphology and mechanical properties. Part II. Bending tests: results and analysis,” Powder Technol., 126, No. 1, 75–84 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. R. Khoei, Sh. Keshavarz, and A. R. Khaloo, “Modeling of large deformation frictional contact in powder compaction processes,” Appl. Math. Modell., 32, No. 5, 775–801 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Y. Z. Zhu and Z. M. Yin, “Pressing vacuum sintering of multipowders for manufacturing novel engine valve seat on Gleeble 1500 simulator,” Powder Metall., No. 1, 42–48 (2009).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    S. S. M. Nor, M. M. Rahman, F. Tarlochan, et al., “The effect of lubrication in reducing net friction in warm powder compaction process,” J. Mater. Press. Technol., 207, No. 1–3, 118–124, (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. S. Kadiri, A. Michrafy, and J. A. Dodds, “Pharmaceutical powders compaction: Experimental and numerical analysis of the density distribution,” Powder Technol., 157, No. 1–3, 176–182 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    W. Bier, M. P. Dariel, N. Frage, et al., “Die compaction of copper powder designed for material parameter identification,” Int. J. Mech. Sci., 49, No. 6, 766–777 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. R. Khoei, A. Shamloo, and A. R. Azami, “Extended finite element method in plasticity forming of powder compaction with contact friction,” Int. J. Solids Struct., 43, No. 18–19, 5421–5448 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sh. Keshavarz, A. R. Khoei, and A. R. Khaloo, “Contact friction simulation in powder compaction process based on the penalty approach,” Mater. Des., No. 6, 1199–1211 (2008).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    T. Canta and D. Frunza, “Friction-assisted pressing of PM components,” J. Mater. Process. Technol., 143–144, 645–650 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    I. D. Radomysel’skii and E. L. Pechentkovskii, “Effect of pressing tool design on density distribution in bushing-type sintered parts,” Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., 9, No. 4, 277–281 (1970).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. B. Shtern, E. L. Pechentkovskii, I. D. Radomysel’skii, et al., “Effect of mode of pressing on the stressed-strained state of bushing—type parts,” Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., 17, No. 5, 12–17 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    I. D. Radomysel’skii, E. L. Pechentkovskii, G. G. Serdyuk, et al., “Density distribution and powder displacement in pressing in closed dies,” Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., 21, No. 1, 8–12 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    L. S. Boginskii, G. M. Zhdanovich, and Ch. A. Yakubovskii, “Pressing of metal powders by the “moving pin” method,” Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., 15, No. 6, 429–434 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Y. Z. Zhu, Z. M. Yin, Z. D. Xiang, and Z. Zhe, “Cold densification behavior of multiple alloy powder containing Fe–Cr and Fe–Mo hard particles,” Powder Metall., No. 2, P. 143–149 (2008).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    S. P. Machado and V. H. Cortinez, “Non-linear model for stability of thin-walled composite beams with shear deformation,” Thin-Walled Struct., 43, No. 10, 1615–1645 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhu Yuanzhi 
    • 1
    • 2
  • Li Junchao 
    • 2
  • Liang Dongmei 
    • 2
  • Xiang Zhidong 
    • 2
  • Yin Zhimin 
    • 3
  1. 1.Key Laboratory for Ferrous Metallurgy and Resources Utilization of Ministry of EducationWuhan University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina
  2. 2.School of Materials and MetallurgyWuhan University of Science & TechnologyWuhanChina
  3. 3.School of Material science and engineeringCentral south UniversityChangshaChina

Personalised recommendations