Powder Metallurgy and Metal Ceramics

, Volume 50, Issue 9–10, pp 573–578 | Cite as

Corrosion resistance of phosphorus-clad iron powders in biological and inorganic media

  • N. V. Boshitska
  • O. V. Vlasova
  • L. M. Apininska
  • L. S. Protsenko
  • O. M. Budilina
  • I. V. Uvarova
Theory, Manufacturing Technology, and Properties of Powders and Fibers

The production and use of clad iron-based powder materials is a promising area of powder metallurgy that allows variation in their process and magnetic properties in wide ranges. The corrosion properties of phosphorus-clad iron powders and their interaction with biological media of the living organisms are studied. The PZhRV 3.200.26 (Ukraine), AHC 100.29 (Sweden), and PZhV 200 (Russia) iron powders with different particle sizes are clad with phosphorous by the method of thermochemical decomposition of phosphorous compounds and by the method of thermochemical synthesis in a vibrating bed. Corrosion tests of the iron powders clad with phosphorous are performed in a 3% NaCl solution. Calculations of the corrosion depth index show that the clad powders are much more resistant to corrosion in aggressive media (3–4 points according to the ISO 11130:2010 standard) than the starting powders (1 point). The low values of the corrosion depth index of phosphorus-clad powders testify that surface corrosion proceeds on powder particles. It is shown that the interaction of the starting PZhRV 3.342.28 and AHC 100.29 iron powders with human blood plasma is 5.8 and 7.2 times more intensive, respectively, than that for PZhRV 3.342.28 and AHC 100.29 powders clad with phosphorous. On the surface of iron powders, phosphorus interacts with blood plasma proteins to form a protective colloidal biocomplex, which increases substantially the resistance of clad powders in blood plasma. Thus, the cladding of iron powders with phosphorus enhances significantly their chemical stability both in human blood plasma and in air.


iron powders biological media corrosion 


  1. 1.
    G. Nord, L. O. Pennander, and A. Jack, “Loss calculations for soft magnetic composites,” in: Proc. 16th Int. Conf. Electrical Machines, Institute of Mechatronics and Information Systems, Cracow (2004), p. 6.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. Kunevich and A. Maksimov, “Modern soft magnetic materials for power electronics,” Élektronika, No. 4, 32–35 (2008).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    N. F. Kushchevskaya, “Use of ferromagnetic particles in medicine,” Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., 36, No. 11–12, 668–672 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    O. A. Panasyuk, G. A. Baglyuk, V. A. Maslyuk, et al., “Cladding of iron powder to obtain soft magnetic materials with improved properties,” in: Proc. 10th Int. Conf. Hydrogen Materials Science and Chemistry of Carbon Nanomaterials (ICHMS’2007) (September 22–28, 2007, Sudak, Crimea, Ukraine) [in Russian], Kiev (2007).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Corrosion of Metals and Alloys. Alternative Testing of Salt Melt Immersion. ISO 11130:2010 [in Russian], Ukrmetrteststandart, Kiev (2010), p. 27.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    S. Lomaev, A. Syugaev, S. Reshetnikov, et al., “Effect of conditions for producing nanocrystalline iron powders on their corrosion behavior in neutral media,” Zashch. Met., No. 43, 207–215 (2007).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    I. T. Brakhnova, Toxicity of Metal Powders and Compounds [in Russian], Naukova Dumka, Kiev (1971), p. 224.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. M. Shabarchina, A. I. Tsapin, A. G. Malenkov, and A. F. Vanin, “Behavior of magnetic particles of metal iron in animal bodies,” Biofizika, 35, No. 6, 985–988 (1990).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    N. V. Boshitskaya, T. S. Bartnitskaya, G. N. Makarenko, et al., “Chemical stability of silicon nitride powder in biological media,” Powder Metall. Met. Ceram., 35, No. 9–10, 497–500 (1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    V. A. Lavrenko, N. V. Boshitskaya, and G. N. Makarenko, “Mechanism of interaction of silicon nitride powders with biochemical media and their toxic effect,” in: Y. G. Gogotsi and I. V. Uvarova, Nanostructured Materials and Coatings for Biomedical and Sensor Applications, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Netherlands (2003), p. 63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Drinking Water. Methods for Determining Total Iron. GOST 4011–72 [in Russian], Gossstandart SSSR, Moscow (1972), p. 9.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    N. L. Glinka and V. A. Rabinovich (ed.), General Chemistry: University Course [in Russian], 27th ed., Khimiya, Leningrad (1988), p. 704.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. A. Bazarnova, V. T. Morozova, Yu. Yu. Levin, and N. R. Avzeeva, “Calcium and phosphorus in the human body and their disorders,” Zdor. Ukrainy, No. 86, 46–54 (2004).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    K. B. Yatsimirskii, Introduction to Bioinorganic Chemistry [in Russian], Naukova Dumka, Kiev (1976), p. 140.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    M. N. Hughes, Inorganic Chemistry of Biological Processes, John Wiley Publishers, New York (1973), p. 135.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Iron Powder. Photocolorimetric Method for Determination of Phosphorus. GOST 16412.2–80 [in Russian], Gossstandart SSSR, Moscow (1980), pp. 8–10.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. V. Boshitska
    • 1
  • O. V. Vlasova
    • 1
  • L. M. Apininska
    • 1
  • L. S. Protsenko
    • 1
  • O. M. Budilina
    • 1
  • I. V. Uvarova
    • 1
  1. 1.Frantsevich Institute for Problems of Materials Science, National Academy of Sciences of UkraineKievUkraine

Personalised recommendations