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Powder Metallurgy and Metal Ceramics

, Volume 46, Issue 1–2, pp 1–7 | Cite as

Explosion energy in the synthesis of superhard phases

  • A. V. Kurdyumov
  • V. F. Britun
  • N. I. Borimchuk
  • V. V. Yarosh
Theory, Manufacturing Technology, and Properties of Powders and Fibers
  • 31 Downloads

Abstract

This article reviews works of the Institute for Problems of Materials Science evoted to the application of explosion energy for the synthesis of superhard phases (SHPs) based on phase transformations of layered structures of carbon and boron nitride at high pressures. Major attention is given to the development and application of the high-temperature shock compression method, which made it possible to synthesize a new structural form of carbon and to attain, for the first time, a 70% yield of cubic BN under shock compression. The diagram of BN phase transformations by different mechanisms is discussed, which demonstrates the dependence of the phase composition of shock compression products on the ordering degree of the starting graphite-like structure.

Keywords

carbon boron nitride high-temperature shock compression martensitic transformation diffusion-controlled transformation superhard phases nanostructure 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. V. Kurdyumov
    • 1
  • V. F. Britun
    • 1
  • N. I. Borimchuk
    • 1
  • V. V. Yarosh
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Problems of Materials ScienceNational Academy of Sciences of UkraineKiev

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