Plant and Soil

, Volume 434, Issue 1–2, pp 139–150 | Cite as

Zinc nutrition of wheat in response to application of phosphorus to a calcareous soil and an acid soil

  • Xiu-Xiu Chen
  • Wei Zhang
  • Qian Wang
  • Yu-Min Liu
  • Dun-Yi Liu
  • Chun-Qin ZouEmail author
Regular Article


Background and aims

Although phosphorus (P) application is known to affect the zinc (Zn) nutrition of crops, the underlying mechanisms and effects of soil type are unclear.


A greenhouse pot experiment was conducted with wheat, two soils (calcareous and acid), and nine P fertilizer rates (0, 50, 100, 200, 400, 1000, 2000, 3000, and 5000 mg P2O5 kg−1 soil).


The effects of P application on the Zn content of shoots and roots in wheat and on the levels of available Zn in soil differed on the two soils. The wheat dry weight on both soils was highest with 2000 mg P2O5 kg−1. Total Zn accumulation was reduced above 2000 mg P2O5 kg−1 on the acid soil and above 100 mg P2O5 kg−1 on the calcareous soil. Available soil Zn declined when the Bray-P concentration reached about 34 mg kg−1 in the acid soil and when the Olsen-P concentration exceeded 200 mg kg−1 in the calcareous soil. Shoot Zn concentrations were negatively related to available soil P on the two soils.


The negative effects of increasing P application rates on Zn accumulation by wheat differed between the two soils. The effects showed no close relationship to available soil Zn.


Acid soil Calcareous soil Phosphorus Available soil Zn Zn nutrition Wheat 



The work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31672240, 31272252), the 973 project (2015CB150402), and the innovative group grant of NSFC (31421092). We thank reviewers great contributions to the improvement of the manuscript and Dr. Bruce Jaffee from USA for reviewing and improving the English of the manuscript.

Supplementary material

11104_2018_3820_MOESM1_ESM.docx (443 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 442 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Plant-Soil Interactions, Ministry of Education, Center for Resources, Environment and Food Security, College of Resources and Environmental SciencesChina Agricultural UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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