Physiological and biochemical impacts of magnesium-deficiency in two cultivars of coffee
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To evaluate biochemical and physiological impacts of magnesium-deficiency on seedlings of two cultivars (Catuaí and Acaiá) of Coffea arabica L..
Six month old seedlings from both cultivars were transferred to plastic receptacles containing solutions with different concentrations of magnesium (Mg). Fully expanded leaves and roots were evaluated at the beginning of treatment and after 10, 20 and 30 days for chlorophyll and carotenoid content, biomass allocation, partitioning of carbohydrates and antioxidant metabolism.
Mg-deficiency was characterized by an increase in the shoot/root dry weight ratio, which may be related to accumulation of carbohydrates in leaves. This accumulation is probably responsible for triggering a reduction in the consumption of reducing equivalents, providing favorable conditions for the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The increase in ROS production was accompanied by increases in ascorbate concentration and enzyme activity of the antioxidant metabolism.
The Catuaí cultivar is more sensitive to Mg-deficiency than the Acaiá cultivar. When exposed to magnesium deficiency the Catuaí cultivar had reduced growth and its antioxidant metabolism was less efficient at removing ROS.
KeywordsCarbohydrate partitioning Biomass allocation Chlorophyll Oxidative stress
The authors would like to thank Dr. Antônio Eduardo Furtini Neto. The reserach was supported by Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq), Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) and Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais (FAPEMIG)
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