Advertisement

Plant and Soil

, 348:81 | Cite as

Why does the musketeer approach to phosphorus acquisition from sparingly soluble forms fail: All for one, but not one for all?

  • Stuart James Pearse
Commentary

In soils where “plant-available phosphorus (P)” exists in very low concentrations because of a high capacity of P sorption, plants require specialised mechanisms to make sparingly soluble forms of P available for plant uptake. In this issue, Wang et al. (2011) used an isotopic dilution technique to confirm that cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) is relatively inefficient in acquiring P from sparingly soluble forms compared to wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and white lupin (Lupinus albus L.). This followed a previous pot study where AlPO4, FePO4 and hydroxyapatite were found to be unavailable to cotton (Wang et al. 2010). Previously, field pea (Pisum sativum L.) and chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) were found to be incapable of acquiring P from both AlPO4 and FePO4, but capable of acquiring P from hydroxyapatite [Ca5OH(PO4)3] (Pearse et al. 2007). Wang et al. (2011) have confirmed that wheat can solubilise AlPO4, and white lupin can solubilise Ca5OH(PO4)3, as found previously (Pearse et al. 2006...

Keywords

Soluble Form Root Length Density White Lupin Cluster Root FePO4 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Gardner WK, Barber DA, Parbery DG (1983) The acquisition of phosphorus by Lupinus albus L. III. The probable mechanism by which phosphorus movement in the soil/root interface is enhanced. Plant Soil 70:107–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Hinsinger P, Plassard C, Tang C, Jaillard B (2003) Origins of root mediated pH changes in the rhizosphere and their responses to environmental constraints: a review. Plant Soil 248:43–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Hoffland E (1992) Quantitative evaluation of the role of organic acid exudation in the mobilization of rock phosphate by rape. Plant Soil 140:279–289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Hoffland E, Findenegg GR, Nelemans JA (1989) Solubilization of rock phosphate by rape I. Evaluation of the role of the nutrient uptake pattern. Plant Soil 113:155–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Lambers H, Shane MW, Cramer MD, Pearse SJ, Veneklaas EJ (2006) Root structure and functioning for efficient acquisition of phosphorus: matching morphological and hysiological traits. Ann Bot 98:693–713PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Li M, Shinano T, Tadano T (1997) Distribution of exudates of lupin roots in the rhizosphere under phosphorus deficient conditions. Soil Sci Plant Nutr 43:237–245Google Scholar
  7. Neumann G, Massonneau A, Langlade N, Dinkelaker B, Hengeler C, Römheld V, Martinoia E (2000) Physiological aspects of cluster root function and development in phosphorus-deficient white lupin (Lupinus albus L.). Ann Bot 85:909–919CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Pearse SJ, Veneklaas EJ, Cawthray GR, Barber MDA, Lambers H (2006) Triticum aestivum shows a greater biomass response to a supply of aluminium phosphate than Lupinus albus, despite releasing less carboxylates into the rhizosphere. New Phytol 169:515–524PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Pearse SJ, Veneklaas EJ, Cawthray G, Bolland MDA, Lambers H (2007) Carboxylate composition of root exudates does not relate consistently to a crop species’ ability to use phosphorus from aluminium, iron or calcium phosphate sources. New Phytol 173:181–190PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Pearse SJ, Venaklaas EJ, Cawthray G, Bolland MDA, Lambers H (2008) Rhizosphere processes do not explain variation in P acquisition from sparingly soluble forms among Lupinus albus accessions. Aust J Agric Res 59:616–623CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Pierret A, Moran C, Doussan C (2005) Conventional detection methodology is limiting our ability to understand the roles and functions of fine roots. New Phytol 166:967–980PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ryan PR, Skerrett M, Findlay GP, Delhaize E, Tyerman SD (1997) Aluminum activates an anion channel in the apical cells of wheat roots. Proc Natl Acad Sci Am 94:6547–6552CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Sas L, Rengel Z, Tang C (2001) Excess cation uptake, and extrusion of protons and organic acid anions by Lupinus albus under phosphorus deficiency. Plant Sci 160:1191–1198PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Sasaki T, Yamamoto Y, Ezaki B, Katsuhara M, Ju Ahn S, Ryan PR, Delhaize E (2004) A wheat gene encoding an aluminium-activated malate transporter. Plant J 37:645–653PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Vu DT, Armstrong RD, Sale PWG, Tang C (2010) Phosphorus availability for three crop species as a function of soil type and fertilizer history. Plant Soil 337:497–510CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Walker TS, Bais HP, Grotewold E, Vivanco JM (2003) Root exudation and rhizosphere biology. Plant Physiol 132:44–51PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Wang X, Tang C, Guppy CN, Sale PWG (2010) Cotton, wheat and white lupin differ in phosphorus acquisition from sparingly soluble P sources. Environ Exp Bot 69:267–272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Wang X, Guppy CN, Watson L, Sale PWG, Tang C (2011) Availability of sparingly soluble phosphorus sources to cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.), wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and white lupin (Lupinus albus L.) with different forms of nitrogen as evaluated by a 32P isotopic dilution technique. Plant Soil doi: 10.1007/s11104-011-0901-0
  19. Weisskopf L, Abou-Mansour E, Fromin N, Tomasi N, Santelia D, Edelkott I, Neumann G, Martinoia E (2006) White lupin has developed a complex strategy to limit microbial degradation of secreted citrate required for phosphate acquisition. Plant Cell Environ 29:919–927PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Zhu Y, Yan F, Zorb C, Schubert S (2005) A link between citrate and proton release by proteoid roots of white lupin (Lupinus albus L.) grown under phosphorus deficient conditions? Plant Cell Physiol 46:892–901PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Plant BiologyThe University of Western AustraliaCrawleyAustralia

Personalised recommendations