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Plant and Soil

, Volume 330, Issue 1–2, pp 447–464 | Cite as

Phenotypic plasticity of the coarse root system of Prosopis flexuosa, a phreatophyte tree, in the Monte Desert (Argentina)

  • Aranzazú Guevara
  • Carla Valeria Giordano
  • Julieta Aranibar
  • Marcelo Quiroga
  • Pablo E. Villagra
Regular Article

Abstract

Prosopis flexuosa trees in the Monte Desert grow in dune and inter-dune valleys, where the water table is located at 6–14 m depth. We asked whether trees in the dunes, which are less likely to access the water table, present a coarse surface root architecture that might favor the exploration / exploitation of dune resources, compensating for water table inaccessibility. We characterized the architecture of surface roots of valley and dune trees, together with the soil environment. The dune held 50 % less and deeper gravimetric soil water (along a 4 m profile), 3-times less organic matter, 2-times less available phosphorous, and a sharper contrast of ammonium and nitrate concentration between plant canopies and uncovered soil than the valley. Coarse surface roots of dune trees were highly branched and grew tortuously at 0.56 ± 0.16 m depth before sinking downward near the tree crown, suggesting an intensive exploitation of the ephemeral, deep, and canopy-linked resources. In contrast, trees from the valley spread their profuse and less branched surface roots mainly horizontally at 0.26 ± 0.08 m depth, several meters outside the crown probably exploring this resource-rich site. A model for the environmental control of root architecture together with potential ecological effects is discussed.

Keywords

Water table Root architecture Root topology Dunes Nutrient patches 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the Dirección de Recursos Naturales Renovables of Mendoza province for their permission to work in Telteca Natural Reserve, and park ranger Silvana Piccone for her logistic assistance and hospitality. We are grateful to Hugo Debandi, Carmen Sartor, Diego Odales, and Gualberto Zalazar for their collaboration with field work; to Víctor Hugo Videla and Rafael Bottero for their technical and creative support; to Ana Srur, María Alejandra Giantomassi and Alberto Rippalta for their help with dendrochronological analysis; to Esteban Jobbágy for his unconditional support. We are particularly thankful to Mariano, Chicho, Valeria and doña Cecilia for their candid hospitality.

This research was supported by Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica PICT 2007-01222.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aranzazú Guevara
    • 1
  • Carla Valeria Giordano
    • 1
  • Julieta Aranibar
    • 2
    • 3
  • Marcelo Quiroga
    • 2
  • Pablo E. Villagra
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Instituto Argentino de Investigaciones en Zonas Áridas (IADIZA)Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CCT-Mendoza CONICET)MendozaArgentina
  2. 2.Instituto Argentino de Investigaciones en Nivología, Glaciología y Ciencias Ambientales (IANIGLA)Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CCT-Mendoza CONICET)MendozaArgentina
  3. 3.Instituto de Ciencias Básicas, Universidad Nacional de CuyoCiudad UniversitariaMendozaArgentina
  4. 4.Facultad de Ciencias AgrariasUniversidad Nacional de CuyoMendozaArgentina

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