Plant and Soil

, Volume 296, Issue 1–2, pp 77–83 | Cite as

Differences in the effects of three arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal strains on P and Pb accumulation by maize plants

Regular Article


The effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi on the accumulation and transport of lead was studied in a pot experiment on maize plants grown in anthropogenically-polluted substrate. The plants remained uninoculated or were inoculated with different Glomus intraradices isolates, either indigenous to the polluted substrate used or reference from non-polluted soil. A considerably lower tolerance to the conditions of polluted substrate was observed for the reference isolate that showed significantly lower frequency of root colonisation as well as arbuscule and vesicule abundance. Plants inoculated with the reference isolate also had significantly lower shoot P concentrations than plants inoculated with the isolate from polluted substrate. Nevertheless, inoculation with either indigenous or reference G. intraradices isolate resulted in higher shoot and root biomass and inoculated plants showed lower Pb concentrations in their shoots than uninoculated plants, regardless of differences in root colonisation. Root biomass of maize plants was divided according to AM-induced colouration into brightly yellow segments intensively colonised by AM fungus and non-colonised or only slightly colonised whitish ones. Intensively colonised segments of the isolate from polluted substrate contained significantly higher concentrations of phosphorus and lead than non-colonised ones, which suggest significant participation of fungal structures in element accumulation.


Arbuscular mycorrhiza Heavy metals Pb-pollution Zea mays 



Arbuscular mycorrhiza


Extraradical mycelium


Heavy metal



This study was financially supported by project B600050636 by the Grant Agency of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicPrůhoniceCzech Republic

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