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Plant and Soil

, Volume 271, Issue 1–2, pp 321–328 | Cite as

Photosynthetic efficiency and nitrogen distribution under different nitrogen management and relationship with physiological N-use efficiency in three rice genotypes

  • Ligeng Jiang
  • Dengfeng Dong
  • Xiuqin Gan
  • Shanqing Wei
Article

Abstract

Nitrogen fertilization strategies were widely adopted to enhance grain production and improve nitrogen utilization in rice all over the world. For fertilization timing strategy, ear fertilization was usually employed in recent years. For fertilization amount strategy, nitrogen fertilization would continually increase to meet the demands of increasing people for food. However, under heavy ear fertilization as well as great nitrogen amount (NA), physiological N-use efficiency (PE, defined as grain production per unit nitrogen uptake by plants) decreased. Under three NA and two ratios of fertilization given during ear development period to total NA (ear fertilization distribution ratio, EFDR), net photosynthetic rate (Pn), Pn to nitrogen content per unit area (photosynthetic N-use efficiency, Pn/N), nitrogen accumulation in plant tissues and PE of three rice (Oryza sativaL.) genotypes, Jinyou 253, Liangyoupeijiu and Baguixiang were screened in the first and second seasons in 2002 so as to understand the fluctuation patterns of Pn/N and nitrogen distribution in leaf blades under great NA & EFDR and relationship with PE in rice. Results showed that under greater NA & EFDR, Pn in flag leaves at heading and plant nitrogen accumulation at maturity always increased and PE & Pn/N always decreased in spite of increased grain production. Rice distributed more nitrogen in leaf blade under greater NA and EFDR. PE indicated significantly (P < 0.05) positive relationship with Pn/N and negative relationship with nitrogen distribution ratio in leaf blades at heading and maturity, and no association with Pn in two growing seasons. Results suggested that low PE in rice under great NA and heavy ear fertilization is associated to more nitrogen distribution in leaf blades and decreases in photosynthetic efficiency.

Keywords

nitrogen distribution in plants photosynthetic N-use efficiency (Pn/N) Physiological N-use efficiency (PE) rice (Oryza sativa L.) 

Abbreviations

EFDR

ear fertilization distribution ratio

NA

nitrogen amount

PE

physiological N-use efficiency

Pn

net photosynthetic rate

Pn/N

photosynthetic N-use efficiency

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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ligeng Jiang
    • 1
  • Dengfeng Dong
    • 1
  • Xiuqin Gan
    • 1
  • Shanqing Wei
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Crop Cultivation and Farming System of Guangxi ProvinceGuangxi UniversityNanningP.R. China

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