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Plant Molecular Biology

, Volume 80, Issue 6, pp 587–608 | Cite as

Transcriptomic changes and signalling pathways induced by arsenic stress in rice roots

  • Tsai-Lien Huang
  • Quynh Thi Thuy Nguyen
  • Shih-Feng Fu
  • Chung-Yi Lin
  • Ying-Chih Chen
  • Hao-Jen Huang
Article

Abstract

Arsenic (As) is considered the most common toxic metalloid, but its molecular mode of action is not well understood. We investigated whether arsenate [As(V)] can induce intracellular reactive oxygen species production and calcium oscillation in rice roots. To better understand the molecular basis of plant cell responses to As, we performed a large-scale analysis of the rice transcriptome during As(V) stress. As(V) induced genes involved in abiotic stress, detoxification pathways and secondary metabolic process. Genes involved in secondary cell wall biogenesis, cell cycle and oligopeptide transport were mainly downregulated. Genes encoding signalling components such as receptor-like cytoplasmic kinases protein kinase, APETALA2/ethylene response factor, heat shock factor, MYB and zinc-finger protein expressed in inflorescence meristem transcription factors were increased in expression. The expression of GARP-G2-like and C3H transcription factors was specifically modulated by As(V) stress. The predominant families of As(V)-regulated transporters belonged to the ATP-binding cassette superfamily and telurite-resistance/dicarboxylate transporters. Several factors involved in signaling, such as mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), MAPK kinase kinase and calcium-dependent protein kinase (CDPK), were also upregulated. Moreover, As(V) markedly increased the activity of MAPKs and CDPK-like kinases, and CDPK and NADPH oxidases were involved in As-induced MAPK activation. Further characterization of these As(V)-responsive genes and signalling pathways may help better understand the mechanisms of metalloid uptake, tolerance and detoxification in plants.

Keywords

Arsenate CDPK MAPK NADPH oxidase Signalling Transcriptome 

Abbreviations

ABA

Abscissic acid

ABC superfamily

ATP-binding cassette superfamily

AOX

Alterative oxidase

AP2/ERF

APETALA2/ethylene response factor

As

Arsenic

As(III)

Arsenite

As(V)

Arsenate

BGAL

Beta-galactosidases

Ca2+

Calcium

CDK

Cyclin-dependent kinase

CDPK

Ca2+-dependent protein kinase

CK

Cytokinin

CM-H2DCF-DA

5-(and-6)-Chloromethyl-2′,7′-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate, acetyl ester

CSL

Beta-mannan synthase-like

DHAR

Dehydroascorbate reductase

DPI

Diphenylene iodonium

EF1G

Elongation factor 1 gamma

FDR

False discovery rate

GA

Gibberellin

GH9

Glycoside hydrolases 9

GH28

Polygalacturonases

GO

Gene ontology

GR

Glutathione reductase

GT8

Glycosyl transferases (pectin bios.)

Grx

Glutaredoxin

GST

Glutathione S-transferase

HSF

Heat shock factor

ICP-AES

Inductively coupled plasma-atmoic emission spectrometry

JA

Jasmonic acid

MAPK

Mitogen-activated protein kinase

MAPKKK

MAPK kinase kinase

MBP

Myelin basic protein

MC family transporter

Mitochondrial carrier family transporter

MVA pathway

Mevalonic acid pathway

PCs

Phytochelatins

POT-family

Proton-dependent oligopeptide transporter family

Prx

Class III peroxidase

qRT-PCR

Quantitative RT-PCR

RLCK subfamily

Receptor-like cytoplasmic kinases subfamily

RLK family

Receptor-like kinase family

ROS

Reactive oxygen species

TCHQD

Tetrachlorohydroquinone dehalogenase

TDT

Telurite-resistance/dicarboxylate

TFs

Transcription factors

Trx

Thioredoxin

XGT

Xyloglucan galactosyltransferases

XTH

Xyloglucan endotransglycosylases/hydrolases

XXT

Xyloglucan xylosyltransferases and galactomannan galactosyltransferases

ZIM transcription factor

Zinc-finger protein expressed in inflorescence meristem transcription factor

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by research grants from NSC and Ministry of Eudcation. Microarray assays were performed by the DNA Microarray Core Laboratory at the Institute of Plant and Microbial Biology, Academia Sinica. Data mining performed at the Bioinformatics Core for Genomic Medicine and Biotechnology Development at NCKU, supported by NSC (97-3112-B-006-011). Furthermore, we thank Ms. Laura Smales (Canada) for English editing.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tsai-Lien Huang
    • 1
  • Quynh Thi Thuy Nguyen
    • 1
  • Shih-Feng Fu
    • 2
  • Chung-Yi Lin
    • 1
  • Ying-Chih Chen
    • 1
  • Hao-Jen Huang
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Life SciencesNational Cheng Kung UniversityTainan CityTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of BiologyNational Changhua University of EducationChanghua CityTaiwan

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