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Plant Molecular Biology

, Volume 75, Issue 6, pp 527–536 | Cite as

Designer promoter: an artwork of cis engineering

  • Rajesh Mehrotra
  • Gauri Gupta
  • Riccha Sethi
  • Purva Bhalothia
  • Narayan Kumar
  • Sandhya Mehrotra
Review

Abstract

Advances in systematic computational biology and rapid elucidation of synergistic interplay between cis and trans factors governing transcriptional control have facilitated functional annotation of gene networks. The generation of data through deconstructive, reconstructive and database assisted promoter studies, and its integration to principles of synthetic engineering has started an era of designer promoters. Exploration of natural promoter architecture and the concept of cis engineering have not only enabled fine tuning of single or multiple transgene expression in response to perturbations in the chemical, physiological and environmental stimuli but also provided researchers with a unique answer to various problems in crop improvement in the form of bidirectional promoters.

Keywords

Designer promoter cis engineering cis elements Bidirectional promoters Inducible promoters Chemical and light switches Pathogen inducible promoters Gene silencing 

Notes

Acknowledgments

RM is thankful to Department of science and Technolgy,Government of India for financial support under fast track scheme for young scientists.We are also thankful to the facilities provided by BITS, Pilani.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rajesh Mehrotra
    • 1
  • Gauri Gupta
    • 1
  • Riccha Sethi
    • 1
  • Purva Bhalothia
    • 1
  • Narayan Kumar
    • 1
  • Sandhya Mehrotra
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesBITSPilaniIndia

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