Plant Molecular Biology

, Volume 70, Issue 5, pp 487–498 | Cite as

Next generation synthetic vectors for transformation of the plastid genome of higher plants

  • Sugey Ramona Sinagawa-García
  • Tarinee Tungsuchat-Huang
  • Octavio Paredes-López
  • Pal Maliga


Plastid transformation vectors are E. coli plasmids carrying a plastid marker gene for selection, adjacent cloning sites and flanking plastid DNA to target insertions in the plastid genome by homologous recombination. We report here on a family of next generation plastid vectors carrying synthetic DNA vector arms targeting insertions in the rbcL-accD intergenic region of the tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) plastid genome. The pSS22 plasmid carries only synthetic vector arms from which the undesirable restriction sites have been removed by point mutations. The pSS24 vector carries a c-Myc tagged spectinomycin resistance (aadA) marker gene whereas in vector pSS30 aadA is flanked with loxP sequences for post-transformation marker excision. The synthetic vectors will enable direct manipulation of passenger genes in the transformation vector targeting insertions in the rbcL-accD intergenic region that contains many commonly used restriction sites.


Homologous recombination Nicotiana tabacum Plastid transformation Tobacco Vector 



Sugey Ramona Sinagawa-García was supported by a Ph.D. scholarship from Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACYT), México.

Supplementary material

11103_2009_9486_MOESM1_ESM.doc (82 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 82 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sugey Ramona Sinagawa-García
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tarinee Tungsuchat-Huang
    • 1
  • Octavio Paredes-López
    • 2
  • Pal Maliga
    • 1
  1. 1.Waksman InstituteRutgers, The State University of New JerseyPiscatawayUSA
  2. 2.Depto. de Biotecnología y BioquímicaCentro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del IPNIrapuatoMexico

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