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Phytochemistry Reviews

, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 89–123 | Cite as

Secondary metabolites from species of the biocontrol agent Trichoderma

  • José Luis Reino
  • Raul F. Guerrero
  • Rosario Hernández-Galán
  • Isidro G. Collado
Original Paper

Abstract

Trichoderma species are free-living fungi that are highly interactive in root, soil and foliar environments and have been used successfully in field trials to control many crop pathogens. Structural and biological studies of the metabolites isolated from Trichoderma species are reviewed. This review, encompassing all the literature in this field up to the present and in which 269 references are cited, also includes a detailed study of the biological activity of the metabolites, especially the role of these metabolites in biological control mechanisms. Some aspects of the biosynthesis of these metabolites and related compounds are likewise discussed.

Keywords

Trichoderma Biological control Phytopathogen Metabolites Toxins 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • José Luis Reino
    • 1
  • Raul F. Guerrero
    • 1
  • Rosario Hernández-Galán
    • 1
  • Isidro G. Collado
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Química Orgánica, Facultad de CienciasUniversidad de CádizPuerto RealSpain

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