Phytochemistry Reviews

, Volume 3, Issue 3, pp 309–323 | Cite as

On the biogenesis of marine isoprenoids



The isoprenoids comprise an important group among the marine natural products which are mainly obtained from soft corals, sponges and algae. The cembranes, xenia metabolites from soft corals and rearranged spongans from sponges are examples of marine diterpenoids obtained directly from GeGePP or after remarkable changes. Biogenesis, suggested biosynthesis, based on the structure and mainly known terrestrial biosynthesis, is proposed for diterpenoids and higher isoprenoids. Examples include the sipholanes, sodwanones and other triterpenoids as well as antheliolide and the T. toxius phenylhexaprenoide metabolites of mixed biogenetic origin.


biogenesis isoprenoids marine secondary metabolites polyethers triterpenoids 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemistry, Raymond and Beverly Sackler Faculty of Exact SciencesTel Aviv UniversityRamat AvivIsrael

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