Comparison of gas exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence of low-potassium-tolerant and -sensitive soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] cultivars under low-potassium condition
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The effects of potassium (K) deficiency on chlorophyll (Chl) content, photosynthetic gas exchange, and photosystem II (PSII) photochemistry during the seedling stage were investigated in two soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] cultivars, low-K sensitive Tiefeng31 and low-K tolerant Shennong6. The cultivars were grown hydroponically in K-sufficient (KS) and K-deficient (KD) solutions. Photosynthetic gas exchange and Chl content in Tiefeng31 were severely affected by the low K condition, but were almost unaffected in Shennong6. This difference is in accordance with the PSII photochemistry in the plants, indicating that the photosynthetic apparatus of Shennong6 is more tolerant to low-K stress than that of Tiefeng31.
Additional key wordschlorophyll fluorescence low-K stress mesophyll resistance net photosynthetic rate stomatal conductance
the space above the fluorescence curve between F0 and Fm
intercellular CO2 concentration
maximal Chl fluorescence yield of dark-adapted state
minimal fluorescence yield of dark-adapted state
variable Chl fluorescence
maximal photochemical efficiency of PSII
stomatal conductance to water vapour
net photosynthetic rate
primary quinone acceptor of PSII
relative variable fluorescence intensity at the J-step
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This work is supported by a grant from Shenyang Agricultural University for young teachers (2006109) and the Creative Team Project (CTP) from the education department of Liaoning province.
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