, Volume 43, Issue 4, pp 609–613 | Cite as

Effect of NaCl salinity on photosynthetic rate, transpiration rate, and oxidative stress tolerance in contrasting wheat genotypes

  • N. Sharma
  • N. K. Gupta
  • S. Gupta
  • H. Hasegawa
Brief Communication


Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes K-65 (salt tolerant) and HD 2329 (salt sensitive) were grown in pots under natural conditions and irrigated with NaCl solutions of electrical conductivity (ECe) 4.0, 6.0, and 8.0 dS m−1. Control plants were irrigated without saline water. Observations were made on the top most fully expanded leaf at tillering, anthesis, and grain filling stages. The net photosynthetic rate (PN), stomatal conductance (gs), and transpiration rate (E) were reduced with the addition of NaCl. The reduction was higher in HD 2329 than in K-65. Salinity enhanced leaf to air temperature gradient (ΔT) in both the genotypes. NaCl increased the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and peroxidase (POX); the percent increment was higher in K-65. The sodium and potassium contents were higher in the roots and leaves of K-65 over HD 2329. Thus at cellular level K-65 has imparted salt tolerance by manipulating PN, E, gs, and K accumulation in leaves along with overproduction of antioxidative enzyme activities (SOD and POX).

Additional key words

net photosynthetic rate peroxidase potassium stomatal conductance superoxide dismutase transpiration rate Triticum 


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Copyright information

© Institute of Experimental Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Praha 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Sharma
    • 1
  • N. K. Gupta
    • 1
  • S. Gupta
    • 1
  • H. Hasegawa
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Plant PhysiologyRajasthan Agricultural University, SKN College of AgricultureJobner, JaipurIndia
  2. 2.School of Environmental ScienceUniversity of Shiga PrefectureHikone, ShigaJapan

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