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Photosynthetica

, Volume 43, Issue 3, pp 457–462 | Cite as

Photosynthetic responses of radish (Raphanus sativus var. longipinnatus) plants to infection by turnip mosaic virus

  • Y.-P. Guo
  • D.-P. Guo
  • Y. Peng
  • J.-S. Chen
Article

Abstract

Plant growth, chlorophyll (Chl) content, photosynthetic gas exchange, ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase (RuBPCO) enzyme activity, and Chl fluorescence in radish (Raphanus sativus var. longipinnatus) plants were examined after turnip mosaic virus (TuMV) infection. Plant fresh mass, dry mass, Chl content, net photosynthetic rate (PN), transpiration rate (E), stomatal conductance (gs), and RuBPCO activity were significantly lower in infected plants after 5 weeks of virus infection as compared to healthy plants. The 5-week virus infection did not induce significant differences in intercellular CO2 concentration (Ci, photochemical efficiency of photosystem 2, PS2 (Fv/Fm), excitation capture efficiency of open PS2 reaction centres (Fv'/Fm'), effective quantum efficiency of photosystem 2 (ΔF/Fm'), and photochemical quenching (qP), but non-photochemical quenching (qN) and alternative electron sink (AES) were significantly enhanced. Thus the decreased plant biomass of TuMV-infected plants might be associated with the decreased photosynthetic activity mainly due to reduced RuBPCO activity.

Additional key words

chlorophyll fluorescence gas exchange photosystem 2 photochemical activity ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase 

Abbreviations

AES

alternative electron sinks

Ci

intercellular CO2 concentration

CE

CO2 carboxylation efficiency

Chl

chlorophyll

E

transpiration rate

ETR

apparent electron transport rate

Fv/Fm

photochemical efficiency of PS2

Fv′/Fm

excitation capture efficiency of open PS2 reaction centres

ΔF/Fm

effective quantum efficiency of photosystem 2

gs

stomatal conductance

PFD

photon flux density

PN

net photosynthetic rate

qP

photochemical quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence

qN

non-photochemical quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence

RuBPCO

ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase

TuMV

turnip mosaic virus

ØCO2

quantum efficiency CO2 assimilation

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Copyright information

© Institute of Experimental Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Praha 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture and BiotechnologyZhejiang UniversityHangzhouP. R. China
  2. 2.Institute of BioengineeringZhejiang University of SciencesHangzhou, XiashaP. R. China

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