International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy

, Volume 39, Issue 6, pp 1166–1170 | Cite as

Train-the-trainer program on cardiovascular health for community pharmacists in Malaysia

Short Research Report
  • 70 Downloads

Abstract

Background Studies have highlighted the benefits of having community pharmacists to deliver cardiovascular screening to patients. However, only few of such trainings are provided in Malaysia. Objective To describe the implementation and evaluation of a cardiovascular train-the-trainer program for community pharmacists. Method Community pharmacists’ attended a 5 h train-the-trainer program. A pre and post-training survey was administered to participants who attended the workshop to determine their requirements for education and effectiveness of the training provided. Results Forty community pharmacists participated and were trained with 35 of them completing both the pre and post training assessment. Participants self-reported confidence, knowledge and ability to conduct a workshop on cardiovascular health increased between 0.22 and 0.75 points post-training (p < 0.05). The program was rated as very good or excellent by 55% of participants. Eight participants implemented the program at 6 months follow-up within their own pharmacy organisations to further train another 114 participants on cardiovascular health. Conclusion Participation in a train-the-trainer program significantly increases community pharmacists’ perceived ability and confidence in conducting a cardiovascular health workshop.

Keywords

Cardiovascular disease Community pharmacy Malaysia Pharmacist education Train-the-trainer 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We wish to thank all the participants and colleagues at the School of Pharmacy, Monash University Malaysia as well as individuals at Malaysian Pharmaceutical Society for their support and help.

Funding

We wish to acknowledge funding received from Pfizer Independent Grant for Learning and Change (2110428-120-00), which supported the program to enhance community pharmacists learning. The funder had no role in the stud design, data collection, data analysis, manuscript preparation and/or publication decision.

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

References

  1. 1.
    Stokols D. Translating social ecological theory into guidelines for community health promotion. Am J Health Promot. 1996;10(4):282–98.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Santschi V, Chiolero A, Paradis G, Colosimo AL, Burnand B. Pharmacist interventions to improve cardiovascular disease risk factors in diabetes. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Diabetes Care. 2012;35(12):2706–17. doi: 10.2337/dc12-0369.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Santschi V, Chiolero A, Burnand B, Colosimo AL, Paradis G. Impact of pharmacist care in the management of cardiovascular disease risk factors: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials. Arch Intern Med. 2011;171(16):1441–53. doi: 10.1001/archinternmed.2011.399.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    George J, McNamara K, Stewart K. The roles of community pharmacists in cardiovascular disease prevention and management. Australas Med J. 2011;4(5):266.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    McEwan E, Conway MJ, Bull DL, Malison MD. Developing public health management training capacity in Nicaragua. Am J Public Health. 2001;91(10):1586–8.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Assemi M, Mutha S, Hudmon KS. Evaluation of a train-the-trainer program for cultural competence. Am J Pharm Educ. 2007;71(6):110.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lee KC, Ma JD, Hudmon KS, Kuo GM. A train-the-trainer approach to a shared pharmacogenomics curriculum for US colleges and schools of pharmacy. Am J Pharm Educ. 2012;76(10):193. doi: 10.5688/ajpe7610193.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    McRae M, Taylor S, Swain L, Sheldrake C. Evaluation of a pharmacist-led, medicines education program for Aboriginal Health Workers. Rural Remote Health. 2008;8(4):946.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Tsuyuki RT, Al Hamarneh YN, Jones CA, Hemmelgarn BR. The effectiveness of pharmacist interventions on cardiovascular risk. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2016;67(24):2846.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Cardiovascular Program Training Course. https://www.bcpharmacy.ca/etraining-cardiovascular. Accessed 14 Feb 2017.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of PharmacyMonash University MalaysiaBandar SunwayMalaysia
  2. 2.Asian Centre for Evidence Synthesis in Population, Implementation and Clinical Outcomes (PICO), Health and Well-being Cluster, Global Asia in the 21st Century (GA21) PlatformMonash University MalaysiaBandar SunwayMalaysia

Personalised recommendations