International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy

, Volume 39, Issue 6, pp 1141–1144 | Cite as

Addressing the global need for public health clinical pharmacists through student pharmacist education: a focus on developing nations

  • Miranda G. Law
  • Prosper Maposa
  • David R. Steeb
  • Gregory Duncan
Commentary
  • 121 Downloads

Abstract

It is time for pharmacists to begin advancing their roles in public health and play a more integral part in public health initiatives. Within developed nations, the profession has demonstrated its value in advancing preventive care; however, the same cannot be said for pharmacists worldwide. Emphasis on training public health pharmacists should also be on developing nations, where the need for preventive care is highly unmet. To ensure all graduating pharmacists are prepared to engage in public health activities, education in this field must be provided during their main years of pharmacy school. In conclusion, public health education should be incorporated into pharmacy curriculae within developing nations so all pharmacy graduates are prepared to engage in public health activities.

Keywords

Pharmacist roles Preventive health care Public health Public health education Sustainable Development Goals 

Notes

Funding

No funding was provided for the completion of this commentary.

Conflicts of interest

All authors whose names are listed certify that they have no affiliations with or involvement in any organization or entity with any financial interest (such as honoraria; educational grants; participation in speakers’ bureaus; membership, employment, consultancies, stock ownership, or other equity interest; and expert testimony or patent-licensing arrangements), or non-financial interest (such as personal or professional relationships, affiliations, knowledge or beliefs) in the subject matter or materials discussed in this manuscript.

References

  1. 1.
    American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. ASHP statement on the role of health-system pharmacists in public health. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2008;65:462–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    American Public Health Association. The role of the pharmacist in public health. http://www.apha.org/policies-and-advocacy/public-health-policy-statements/policy-database/2014/07/07/13/05/the-role-of-the-pharmacist-in-public-health. Accessed 12 Feb 2016.
  3. 3.
    International Pharmaceutical Federation. FIP statement of policy, the role of the pharmacist in the prevention and treatment of chronic disease. https://www.fip.org/www/uploads/database_file.php?id=274&table_id=. Accessed 10 Dec 2015.
  4. 4.
    United Nations. Sustainable development goals. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdgs. Accessed 12 Feb 2016.
  5. 5.
    Papastergiou J, Folkins C, Li W, Zervas J. Community pharmacist-administered influenza immunization improves patient access to vaccination. Can Pharm J (Ott). 2014;147(6):359–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC public health grand rounds: how pharmacists can improve our nation’s health. http://www.cdc.gov/cdcgrandrounds/pdf/gr-pharmacists-10-21-2014.pdf. Accessed 12 Feb 2016.
  7. 7.
    Habeeb Ibrahim AR, Jose D, Jegan RS. Pharmacists in the wider public health workforce—a review. Arch Pharm Pract. 2012;3(2):166–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Khanal S, Nissen L, Veerman L, Hollingworth S. Pharmacy workforce to prevent and manage non-communicable diseases in developing nations: the case of Nepal. Res Soc Adm Pharm. 2016;12(4):655–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pande S, Hiller JE, Nkansah N, Bero L. The effect of pharmacist-provided non-dispensing services on patient outcomes, health service utilisation and costs in low- and middle-income countries. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;2:CD010398.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    World Health Organization. Global status report on noncommunicable diseases. http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/148114/1/9789241564854_eng.pdf. Published 2014. Accessed 21 Feb 2017.
  11. 11.
    Private Healthcare in Developing Countries. Source of healthcare—Sub-Saharan Africa. http://ps4h.org/country_data_files/SSAfrica.pdf. Accessed 10 Dec 2015.
  12. 12.
    Eades CE, Ferguson JS, O’carroll RE. Public health in community pharmacy: a systematic review of pharmacist and consumer views. BMC Public Health. 2011;11:582.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Offu O, Anetoh M, Okonta M, Ekwunife O. Engaging Nigerian community pharmacists in public health programs: assessment of their knowledge, attitude and practice in Enugu metropolis. J Pharm Policy Pract. 2015;8:27.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Maeshiro R, Koo D, Keck CW. Integration of public health into medical education: an introduction to the supplement. Am J Prev Med. 2011;41(4 Suppl 3):S145–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    World Health Organization. Teaching of Public Health in Medical School http://www.searo.who.int/entity/primary_health_care/documents/pch_sea_nur_465.pdf. Accessed 11 Mar 2016.
  16. 16.
    Anderson C, Bates I, Beck D, Brock T, Futter B, Mercer H, et al. The WHO UNESCO FIP pharmacy education taskforce. Hum Resour Health. 2009;7:45.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Patterson BY. An advanced pharmacy practice experience in public health. Am J Pharm Educ. 2008;72(5):125.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    King AE, Egras AM. A required online course with a public health focus for third professional year pharmacy students. Am J Pharm Educ. 2015;79(5):68.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Gortney JS, Seed S, Borja-Hart N, Young V, Woodard L, Nobles-Knight D, et al. The prevalence and characteristics of dual PharmD/MPH programs offered at US colleges and schools of pharmacy. Am J Pharm Educ. 2013;77(6):116.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Miller M, Karwa R, Shellhase E, Pastakia S, Crowe S, Manji I, et al. Meeting the needs of underserved patients in western Kenya by creating the next generation of global health pharmacists. Am J Pharm Educ. 2016;80(2):22.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Brown TJ, Todd A, O’malley C, Moore H, Husband A, Bambra C, et al. Community pharmacy-delivered interventions for public health priorities: a systematic review of interventions for alcohol reduction, smoking cessation and weight management, including meta-analysis for smoking cessation. BMJ Open. 2016;6(2):e009828.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Jamison DT, Summers LH, Alleyne G, Arrow KJ, Berkley S, Binagwaho A, et al. Global health 2035: a world converging within a generation. Lancet. 2013;382(9908):1898–955.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miranda G. Law
    • 1
  • Prosper Maposa
    • 2
  • David R. Steeb
    • 1
  • Gregory Duncan
    • 3
  1. 1.UNC Eshelman School of PharmacyChapel HillUSA
  2. 2.UZ School of PharmacyUniversity of ZimbabweHarareZimbabwe
  3. 3.Monash University Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health SciencesMelbourneAustralia

Personalised recommendations