Involving community pharmacists in pharmacy practice research: experiences of peer interviewing
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Background Translation of interest in research into active engagement of community pharmacists as research partners/co-researchers remains a challenge. Involving pharmacists in specific research techniques such as peer interviewing, however, may enhance validity of the results. Objective To enhance community pharmacists’ involvement in pharmacy practice research through peer interview training. Method A subgroup of participants in a multi-phase pharmacy practice research project trained to do peer interviews. These pharmacist interviewers attended a workshop and were mentored. Comments from their feedback forms and ongoing engagement with the Research Associate were thematically analysed. Results Positive themes from five interviewers included the importance of the topic and their wish to learn skills beyond their everyday role. The small group format of the training day helped to build confidence. Interviewers felt their shared professional background helped them to capture relevant comments and probe effectively. There were challenges, however, for interviewers to balance research activities with their daily work. Interviewers experienced difficulty in securing uninterrupted time with interviewees which sometimes affected data quality by ‘rushing’. Conclusion Community pharmacists can be engaged as peer interviewers to the benefit of the volunteers and research team, but must be well resourced and supported.
KeywordsCommunity pharmacy Qualitative research Research methods
The research team would like to thank the interviewers for their hard work on this project, and the pharmacists who agreed to be interviewed. This study was developed by the NW Primary Care Pharmacy Research Group workgroup and was facilitated by the former NW PCRN. The steering group includes academic members from the Region’s three Schools of Pharmacy (Liverpool John Moores University, the University of Manchester, and the University of Central Lancashire) and practising community pharmacists. This workgroup is actively involved in building research capacity among community pharmacists from both independent and multiple pharmacy companies in the NorthWest region of England.
This study was funded by a grant from Pharmacy Research UK, a research charity based in London, England.
Conflicts of interest
All authors have completed the Unified Competing Interest form at www.icmje.org/coi_disclosure.pdf (available on request from the corresponding author) and declare that (1) CWM, AJM and ECS have support from Pharmacy Research UK for the submitted work, and NJG has support from Liverpool John Moores University for the submitted work; (2) AJM has received locum fees from community pharmacy contractors, NJG has received research funding from Pharmacy Research UK and Community Pharmacy Greater Manchester, and NM and GBP are employees of Boots Pharmacy, all of which organisations might have an interest in the submitted work—in the previous 3 years; (3) the spouse of NJG has financial relationships that may be relevant to the submitted work; and (4) CWM, AJM, NJG, DMA, NM and GBP have non-financial interests that may be relevant to the submitted work, as they are all pharmacists registered with the General Pharmaceutical Council.
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