International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy

, Volume 35, Issue 3, pp 393–400 | Cite as

Involvement of Sudanese community pharmacists in public health activities

  • Sumia Sir-Elkhatim MohamedEmail author
  • Adil A. Mahmoud
  • Abdulazim A. Ali
Research Article


Objectives: To evaluate attitude of community pharmacists towards health education, promotion and screening, assess the extent of their actual involvement in such activities and identify barriers for their provision. Settings: Community pharmacies in Khartoum State. Method: A structured, self-administered, piloted questionnaire was distributed to the pharmacists in charge of 274, randomly selected, community pharmacies. The questionnaire was divided into 5 domains; demographic characteristics, attitude, involvement, screening and barriers. Attitude responses were measured by a 5-point Likert-type scale. Descriptive statistical analysis was used. Main outcome measures: willingness of community pharmacist to participate in public health activities, their current involvement and the barriers they encounter. Results: Response rate was 67 %. The majority of community pharmacists (>70 %) is willing to take part in public health services and consented to be trained on behavioral modification for provision of more effective health education and promotion services to the public. Currently a high proportion of community pharmacists are providing health information on healthy diet (4.38 ± 0.76, 89.1 %), obesity and weight reduction (4.15 ± 0.78, 78.1 %), exercise (3.93 ± 0.83, 76.6 %), smoking cessation (4.15 ± 1.01, 76.1 %) and contraception methods and medicines (3.98 ± 0.95, 73.4 %). However, their involvement is achieved through the process of traditional advising during prescription filling. Blood pressure measurement (89.1 %) and blood glucose testing (85.9 %) were highly ranked by community pharmacists as acceptable and can be easily handled. Lack of time, training, official recognition for pharmacists’ health promotion activities, the concept of team work with other health care professionals topped the barriers. Conclusion: The surveyed community pharmacists favor the provision of public health activities following appropriate training and reduction or removal of barriers. Further interventional studies regarding application of a health education and health promotion model to selected populations in community pharmacies are recommended.


Community pharmacy Health education Health promotion Public health Screening Sudan 



The authors are grateful to participating pharmacists and community pharmacy owners. Our appreciations are extended to the pharmacists who helped in distributing and collecting the questionnaires. We also thank the faculty of the pharmaceutics department for their constructive discussions and opinions.



Conflict of interest

None to declare.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sumia Sir-Elkhatim Mohamed
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Adil A. Mahmoud
    • 2
  • Abdulazim A. Ali
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy and Health SciencesAjman University of Science and Technology NetworkFujairahUAE
  2. 2.Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of PharmacyUniversity of KhartoumKhartoumSudan

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