Advertisement

Pharmacy World & Science

, Volume 30, Issue 6, pp 764–767 | Cite as

Patient sources for drug information in Iran: A questionnaire-based survey

  • Forouz Nader
  • Kazem Mousavizadeh
  • Pedram Ghafourifar
Shorter research report

Abstract

Objectives To identify sources used by patients to obtain drug-related information and to find which portion of patients study the Patient Information Leaflet (PIL). Methods A cluster random sampling was used to select 19 community pharmacies in Shiraz, Iran, from 192 pharmacies registered by Food and Drug Office of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. Using a questionnaire, an independent assessor surveyed outpatients immediately after their prescriptions were dispensed. Results were subjected to statistical analysis. Results Total of 671 patients were interviewed, of which 188 patients (28%) reported they received no information from pharmacists or physicians and 169 patients (25%) received their medications without prescription. Nearly half of the patients (46%) were informed on the frequency of use and dose of their medications. Very few patients (6%) were appropriately informed about the frequency of use, dosage, duration of treatment, and potential side effects, allergies and drug interactions. Patients with college education used PILs as a source of information more than those with lower education levels. Conclusion A significant portion of patients obtained medicines without a prescription. Only a few portion of patients in Shiraz received adequate drug information from their physician or pharmacist. A considerable portion of patients did not study PILs.

Keywords

Developing Countries Drug information Iran Patient Information Leaflet 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors gratefully acknowledge the insightful comments of Mrs. Azar Khaksar on earlier drafts of this manuscript.

Funding

The present research did not receive extramural funding.

Conflicts of Interest

None.

References

  1. 1.
    Wolf MS, Davis TC, Shrank WH, Neuberger M, Parker RM. A critical review of FDA-approved Medication Guides. Patient Educ Couns.. 2006;62:316–22. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2006.06.010.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ulfvarson J, Bardage C, Wredling RA, von Bahr C, Adami J. Adherence to drug treatment in association with how the patient perceives care and information on drugs. J Clin Nurs.. 2007;16:141–8. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2005.01477.x.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Maywald U, Schindler C, Krappweis J, Kirch W. First patient-centered drug information service in Germany—a descriptive study. Ann Pharmacother.. 2004;38:2154–9. doi: 10.1345/aph.1E210.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Mwingira B, Dowse R. Development of written information for antiretroviral therapy: comprehension in a Tanzanian population. Pharm World Sci.. 2007;29:173–82. doi: 10.1007/s11096-006-9056-0.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Zehnder S, Beutler M, Bruppacher R, Ehrenhofer T, Hersberger KE. Needs and use of drug information sources in community pharmacies: a questionnaire based survey in German-speaking Switzerland. Pharm World Sci.. 2004;26:197–202. doi: 10.1023/B:PHAR.0000035881.17853.e0.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    World Health Organization. Rational Use of Medicines: Activities. http://www.who.int/medicines/areas/rational_use/rud_activities/en/index.html (accessed April 2008).
  7. 7.
    Trewin VF, Veitch GB. Patient sources of drug information and attitudes to their provision: a corticosteroid model. Pharm World Sci.. 2003;25:191–6. doi: 10.1023/A:1025810603241.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Svarstad BL, Mount JK, Tabak ER. Expert and consumer evaluation of patient medication leaflets provided in U.S. pharmacies. J Am Pharm Assoc.. 2005;45:443–51. doi: 10.1331/1544345054475586.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Närhi U. Sources of medicine information and their reliability evaluated by medicine users. Pharm World Sci.. 2007;29:688–94. doi: 10.1007/s11096-007-9131-1.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Forouz Nader
    • 1
  • Kazem Mousavizadeh
    • 2
  • Pedram Ghafourifar
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Community Medicine, School of MedicineShiraz University of Medical SciencesShirazIran
  2. 2.Department of Basic Sciences and Cellular and Molecular Research CenterIran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  3. 3.Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA

Personalised recommendations