Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing

, Volume 38, Issue 3, pp 637–654 | Cite as

Measurement of Anode Arc Attachment Movement in DC Arc Plasma Torch at Atmospheric Pressure

  • P. Ondac
  • A. Maslani
  • M. Hrabovsky
  • J. Jenista
Original Paper


Direct current (DC) arc plasma torches are widely used in various industrial applications. Studying processes in their anode area helps to extend their lifetime, and stabilize the plasma flow for plasma applications. This paper reports detailed observations of the fast movement (above 100 m/s) of the anode arc attachment in a hybrid water-argon DC arc plasma torch with an external anode. We measured a mean electrical conductivity of a plasma volume above the anode and found a relation between the attachment movement and the anode erosion. Further, we measured average attachment speed, the average period of the restrike process and the average distances travelled by the attachment under different experimental conditions such as different values of the arc electric current, argon flow rate and different anode configurations. For our measurements, we used a high-speed camera and a high-voltage probe. Our results are in agreement with a model of plasma generated by a hybrid plasma torch and with spectroscopy measurements. The results describe the movement of the anode arc attachment in detail and provide experimental data on average plasma electrical conductivity in hot anode areas. Both the measurements of the mean electrical conductivity and the procedure for quantitative comparisons of anode erosion can be used also in water plasma torches and theoretically also in gas plasma torches.


DC arc plasma torch Arc attachment movement Anode area Anode erosion High-speed camera 



The present work was supported by the Grant Agency of the Czech Republic under projects GA15-19444S and GC17-10246J. Access to the computing and storage facilities owned by parties and projects contributing to the National Grid Infrastructure MetaCentrum provided under the program “Projects of Large Research, Development, and Innovations Infrastructures” (CESNET LM2015042), is greatly appreciated.

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Ondac
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. Maslani
    • 1
  • M. Hrabovsky
    • 1
  • J. Jenista
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Plasma Physics AS CRPrague 8Czech Republic
  2. 2.Department of Surface and Plasma Science, Faculty of Mathematics and PhysicsCharles UniversityPrague 8Czech Republic

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