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Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing

, Volume 38, Issue 2, pp 397–414 | Cite as

Study on the Influence of Nitrogen Plasma on Dyeing Properties of Rex Rabbit Fibers

  • Fangming Liu
  • Hongyan Liu
  • Ting Su
  • Zongcai Zhang
  • Lixin Li
Original Paper
  • 110 Downloads

Abstract

The surface of rex rabbit fibers is hydrophobic in nature because of the presence of the hard cuticle on its surface, and this hydrophobicity may give rise to many problems in the dyeing and finishing processes. In order to improve its dyeability and decrease dye pollution in sewage discharge, nitrogen plasma was used to modify rabbit fibers and after that the modified fibers were dyed with the anionic dyestuffs (C.I. number 16185). The effects of nitrogen plasma on the dyeing properties and the dyeing behavior for the rex rabbit fibers were studied, the related parameters including the treatment time and discharge power were optimized. Surface morphology and roughness of rex rabbit fibers were characterized by scanning electron microscope and atomic force microscopy. XPS and FTIR-ATR were further performed to determine the surface chemical compositions of rex rabbit fibers. The physical properties of rex rabbit fibers were characterized by tensile strength tests. The results show that nitrogen plasma treatment can remove surface scales on the rex rabbit fibers and introduce more active groups such as hydroxyl (–OH), carbonyl (–C=O), and amino (–NH2) on the surface of the fibers, which makes rex rabbit fibers have better dyeability, and effectively improves dyeing rate and dye fixation rate.

Keywords

Rex rabbit fibers Nitrogen plasma Anionic dyestuffs Dyeing rate Dyeing fixation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to acknowledge the financial support to the project from National Natural Science Foundation of P.R. China (Item No. 21376152) and Modern agriculture industry technology system of special funding of P.R. China (CARS-44-D-3).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fangming Liu
    • 1
  • Hongyan Liu
    • 2
  • Ting Su
    • 1
  • Zongcai Zhang
    • 2
  • Lixin Li
    • 1
  1. 1.College of ChemistrySichuan UniversityChengduPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Leather Chemistry and Engineering of Ministry of EducationSichuan UniversityChengduPeople’s Republic of China

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