Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing

, Volume 36, Issue 2, pp 471–485 | Cite as

Removal of Elemental Mercury from Simulated Flue Gas by Combining Non-thermal Plasma with Calcium Oxide

  • Jun Zhang
  • Yufeng Duan
  • Weixin Zhao
  • Chun Zhu
  • Qiang Zhou
  • Min She
Review Article


Mercury emission from coal combustion has been the fourth biggest pollutant in China, following the dusts, SO2 and NOX. The technology of non-thermal plasma has been widely studied for oxidizing gaseous elemental mercury at low temperature. In this paper, a new method of combining non-thermal plasma with calcium oxide was proposed to remove elemental mercury from simulated flue gas. The effects of non-thermal plasma, input energy, combination mode of plasma and calcium oxide on Hg0 removal were investigated in a wire-cylinder non-thermal plasma reactor, whose energy was supplied by a high voltage alternating current power. The peak voltage and energy of the non-thermal plasma were measured by an oscilloscope and a high voltage probe (1000:1). The results showed that most of Hg0 was converted to oxidized mercury in simulated flue gas by non-thermal plasma treatment. The Hg0 removal efficiency of CaO was improved remarkably strengthened by the non-thermal plasma, which was closely related to input energy, and the maximum mercury removal efficiency was about 80 % at an optimal input energy. Through temperature-programmed decomposition and desorption and energy dispersive spectroscopy analysis, the majority of mercury species on CaO surface were Hg2O and HgO3 rather than HgO. Therefore, it can be concluded that O3 plays an important role in Hg0 oxidation under the condition of non-thermal plasma.


Non-thermal plasma Elemental mercury Calcium oxide sorbents Ozone Mercury oxidation 



The authors acknowledge the financial support for this work provided by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51376046, 51576044); the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, Graduate Student Research and Innovation Program of Jiangsu Province (KYLX_0184, CXZZ13_0093, KYLX_0115, KYLX15_0071); National Science and Technology Support Program of China (No. 2012BAA02B01); Jiangsu Province United Creative Subject (BY2013073-10).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jun Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yufeng Duan
    • 1
  • Weixin Zhao
    • 1
  • Chun Zhu
    • 1
  • Qiang Zhou
    • 1
  • Min She
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Energy Thermal Conversion and Control of Ministry of Education, School of Energy and EnvironmentSoutheast UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.School of Chemistry and Material ScienceHuaibei Normal UniversityHuaibeiChina

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