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Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing

, Volume 35, Issue 1, pp 217–230 | Cite as

Modeling and Experimental Study of Trichloroethylene Abatement with a Negative Direct Current Corona Discharge

  • Arne M. Vandenbroucke
  • Robby Aerts
  • Wouter Van Gaens
  • Nathalie De Geyter
  • Christophe Leys
  • Rino Morent
  • Annemie Bogaerts
Original Paper

Abstract

In this work, we study the abatement of dilute trichloroethylene (TCE) in air with a negative direct current corona discharge. A numerical model is used to theoretically investigate the underlying plasma chemistry for the removal of TCE, and a reaction pathway for the abatement of TCE is proposed. The Cl atom, mainly produced by dissociation of COCl, is one of the controlling species in the TCE destruction chemistry and contributes to the production of chlorine containing by-products. The effect of humidity on the removal efficiency is studied and a good agreement is found between experiments and the model for both dry (5 % relative humidity (RH)) and humid air (50 % RH). An increase of the relative humidity from 5 % to 50 % has a negative effect on the removal efficiency, decreasing by ±15 % in humid air. The main loss reactions for TCE are with ClO·, O· and CHCl2. Finally, the by-products and energy cost of TCE abatement are discussed.

Keywords

Non-thermal plasma Corona discharge Volatile organic compound Trichloroethylene Modeling 

Notes

Acknowledgments

R. Morent acknowledges the support of the Research Foundation Flanders (FWO, Belgium) through a post-doctoral research fellowship. The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Research Council under the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP/2007-2013)/ERC Grant Agreement No. 279022. We are also very grateful to M. Kushner and group members for providing the Global_kin code and the useful advice. This work was carried out using the Turing HPC infrastructure at the CalcUA core facility of the Universiteit Antwerpen, a division of the Flemish Supercomputer Center VSC, funded by the Hercules Foundation, the Flemish Government (department EWI) and the Universiteit Antwerpen. Finally, we acknowledge the financial support by an IOF-SBO project of the University of Antwerp.

Supplementary material

11090_2014_9584_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (398 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 398 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arne M. Vandenbroucke
    • 1
  • Robby Aerts
    • 2
  • Wouter Van Gaens
    • 2
  • Nathalie De Geyter
    • 1
  • Christophe Leys
    • 1
  • Rino Morent
    • 1
  • Annemie Bogaerts
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Applied Physics, Research Unit Plasma Technology, Faculty of Engineering and ArchitectureGhent UniversityGhentBelgium
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry, Research Group PLASMANTUniversity of AntwerpAntwerpBelgium

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