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Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing

, Volume 34, Issue 1, pp 65–81 | Cite as

Pilot-Scale Aftertreatment Using Nonthermal Plasma Reduction of Adsorbed NOx in Marine Diesel-Engine Exhaust Gas

  • Takuya Kuwahara
  • Keiichiro Yoshida
  • Tomoyuki Kuroki
  • Kenichi Hanamoto
  • Kazutoshi Sato
  • Masaaki Okubo
Original Paper

Abstract

Regulations governing marine diesel engine NOx emissions have recently become more stringent. As it is difficult to fulfill these requirements by combustion improvements alone, effective aftertreatment technologies are needed to achieve efficient NOx reductions. In this study, we develop an effective NOx-reduction aftertreatment system for a marine diesel engine that employs combined nonthermal plasma (NTP) and adsorption. Compared with selective catalytic reduction, the proposed technology offers the advantages of not requiring a urea solution or harmful heavy-metal catalysts and low operating temperatures of less than 150 °C. The NOx reduction comprises repeated adsorption and desorption flow processes using NTP combined with NOx adsorbents made of MnOx–CuO. High concentrations of NOx are treated by NTP after NOx adsorption and desorption, and this aftertreatment system demonstrates excellent energy efficiencies of 161 g(NO2)/kWh, which fulfills the most recent International Maritime Organization emission NOx standards in the Tier II–III regulations for 2016 and requires only 4.3 % of the engine output power.

Keywords

Marine diesel engine Nonthermal plasma NOx Aftertreatment Emission Adsorption 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Regional R&D Resources Utilization Program in the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST). It is also partly supported by Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) KAKENHI Grant Number 24246145 and 249848. The authors would like to thank M. Nishimoto, T. Shinohara, M. Kawai (formerly graduate students at Osaka Prefecture University), S. Tagawa (formerly an undergraduate student at Osaka Prefecture University), S. Shimomura (engineering manager, Daihatsu Diesel MFG. Co. Ltd.), and S. Hosokawa (president, Masuda Research Inc.) for their contributions to the experiments.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Takuya Kuwahara
    • 1
  • Keiichiro Yoshida
    • 3
  • Tomoyuki Kuroki
    • 2
  • Kenichi Hanamoto
    • 4
  • Kazutoshi Sato
    • 4
  • Masaaki Okubo
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Products Engineering and Environmental ManagementNippon Institute of TechnologySaitamaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringOsaka Prefecture UniversitySakaiJapan
  3. 3.Department of Electrical and Electronic Systems EngineeringOsaka Institute of TechnologyOsakaJapan
  4. 4.Moriyama DivisionDaihatsu Diesel MFG. Co. Ltd.MoriyamaJapan

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