Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing

, Volume 32, Issue 6, pp 1259–1274 | Cite as

Functionalization of Cotton by In-Situ Reaction of Styrene in Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Zone

  • Dambarudhar Parida
  • Manjeet Jassal
  • Ashwini K. Agarwal
Original Paper


Cotton fabric was treated using styrene/helium glow plasma at the atmospheric pressure. After the treatment, the substrate was found to turn into a highly hydrophobic material showing water drop disappearance time of 60 min and water contact angle of 133°. The treatment was found to be durable even after vigorous washing. The effect of various parameters, such as discharge voltage and frequency, on fragmentation of styrene inside plasma zone was investigated using optical emission spectroscopy and GC–MS. The types of fragments formed in the plasma zone were correlated with the hydrophobicity of the substrate. The chemical nature of surface of the substrate was analyzed using SEM and Raman spectroscopy to elucidate the possible mechanism of plasma modification.


Atmospheric pressure glow plasma Hydrophobicity Mechanism Low frequency plasma 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.SMITA Research Labs, Department of Textile TechnologyIndian Institute of Technology, Hauz KhasNew DelhiIndia

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