Advertisement

Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing

, Volume 32, Issue 3, pp 619–627 | Cite as

Tailor-Made Silver Release Properties of Silver-Containing Functional Plasma Polymer Coatings Adjusted Through a Macroscopic Kinetics Approach

  • Enrico Körner
  • Barbara Hanselmann
  • Peter Cierniak
  • Dirk Hegemann
Original Paper

Abstract

Combining a functional plasma polymer matrix with antibacterially active silver (Ag) within a nanocomposite structure allows secure production and applications in various fields, especially in the medical sector. Therefore, nitrogen or oxygen containing hydrocarbon plasma polymers and Ag nanoparticles were simultaneously deposited. Functional groups such as amino or carboxylic groups as well as an adjusted amount of Ag can be incorporated into the growing films by controlling the plasma deposition properties. For this purpose, macroscopic kinetics were used to characterise the deposition behaviour also as a base for possible industrial up-scaling. XPS and ICP-OES were used to analyse the chemical composition of the polymer–Ag nanocomposites and the Ag content which could be incorporated depending on the plasma process conditions. Finally, the Ag release was determined in bi-distilled water for classification and comparison with the antibacterial properties. The antibacterial effect of the polymer–Ag nanocomposites was proofed with the gram− strain Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 and the gram+ strain Staphylococcus aureus (ST12 Group) showing a clear efficacy dependence on the amount of released Ag and the possibility for tailor-made antibacterial active plasma films.

Keywords

Plasma polymerisation Sputtering Nanocomposite Macroscopic kinetics Antibacterial 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Enrico Körner likes to acknowledge Elisabeth Michel and Axel Ritter, Empa St. Gallen, for performing the analytics for the ICP-OES measurements, Patrick Rupper for the XPS analysis and Myriam H. Aguirre, Empa Dübendorf, for the TEM measurements. Peter Cierniak likes to acknowledge Vishwas Kaveeshwar, University of Cologne, for the assistance in performing the antibacterial activity tests. Sections of this work were part of the EU-funded project EmbekI “Development and analysis of polymer based multifunctional bactericidal materials”, Grant #211436 of the seventh framework program.

References

  1. 1.
    Pang X, Zhitomirsky I (2008) Surf Coat Technol 202:3815–3821CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Onsuratoom S, Rujiravanit R, Sreethawong T, Tokura S, Chavadej S (2010) Plasma Chem Plasma Process 30:191–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Akhavan O, Ghaderi E (2010) Surf Coat Technol 205:219–223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Thomas V, Namdeo M, Mohan YM, Bajpai SK, Bajpai M (2008) J Macromol Sci Part A Pure Appl Chem 45:107–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Travan A, Pelillo C, Donati I, Marsich E, Benincasa M, Scarpa T, Semeraro S, Turco G, Gennaro R, Paoletti S (2009) Biomacromolecules 10:1429–1435CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Agarwal A, Weis TL, Schurr MJ, Faith NG, Czuprynski CJ, McAnulty JF, Murphy CJ, Abbott NL (2010) Biomaterials 31:680–690CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hegemann D, Amberg M, Hanselmann B, Guimond S, Körner E (2011) Biomaterials and plasma processing. Universitatii “Alexandru Ioan Cuza”, Iasi, pp 87–102Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hegemann D, Hossain MM (2005) Plasma Process Polym 2:554–562CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hossain MM, Herrmann AS, Hegemann D (2007) Plasma Process Polym 4:135–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Balazs DJ, Hossain MM, Brombacher E, Fortunato G, Körner E, Hegemann D (2007) Plasma Process Polym 4:S380–S385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Körner E, Fortunato G, Hegemann D (2009) Plasma Process Polym 6:119–125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Körner E, Aguirre MH, Fortunato G, Ritter A, Rühe J, Hegemann D (2010) Plasma Process Polym 7:619–625CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Körner E, Rupper P, Lübben JF, Ritter A, Rühe J, Hegemann D (2011) Surf Coat Technol 205:2978–2984CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wagner HE (2001) Low temperature plasma physics. Wiley-VCH, Berlin, p 305Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hegemann D, Hossain MM, Körner E, Balazs DJ (2007) Plasma Process Polym 4:229–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hegemann D, Körner E, Guimond S (2009) Plasma Process Polym 6:246–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hegemann D, Körner E, Albrecht K, Schütz U, Guimond S (2010) Plasma Process Polym 7:889–898CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hegemann D (2006) Thin Solid Films 515:2173–2178ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Lischer S, Körner E, Balazs DJ, Shen D, Wick P, Grieder K, Haas D, Heuberger M, Hegemann D (2011) J R Soc Interface 8:1019–1030CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Strunskus T, Zaporojtchenko V, Behnke K, v. Bechtolsheim C, Faupel F (2000) Adv Eng Mater 2:489–492CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Schürmann U, Hartung W, Takele H, Zaporojtchenko V, Faupel F (2005) Nanotechnology 16:1078–1082ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Hariu T (1991) Low temperature epitaxial growth of semiconductors. World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., SingaporeGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Damm C, Münstedt H, Rösch A (2007) J Mater Sci 42:6067–6073ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Hegemann D, Hanselmann B, Körner E (2011) Plasma Process Polym 8:689–694CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Guimond S, Hanselmann B, Amberg M, Hegemann D (2010) Pure Appl Chem 82:1239–1245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Kawashita M, Toda S, Kim H-M, Kokubo T, Masuda N (2003) J Biomed Mater Res A 66A:266–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Balamurugan A, Balossier G, Laurent-Maquin D, Pina S, Rebelo AHS, Faure J, Ferreira JMF (2008) Dent Mater 24:1343–1351CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Akhavan O et al (2009) J Phys D Appl Phys 42:135416ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Körner E, Ritter A, Hanselmann B, Cierniak P, Wiesenmüller S, Bender K, Hegemann D (2012) Plasma Process Polym (in preparation)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Enrico Körner
    • 1
  • Barbara Hanselmann
    • 1
  • Peter Cierniak
    • 2
  • Dirk Hegemann
    • 1
  1. 1.Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and TechnologySt. GallenSwitzerland
  2. 2.Medical Faculty, Institute of Legal MedicineUniversity of CologneCologneGermany

Personalised recommendations