Oxidation of Metals

, Volume 83, Issue 5–6, pp 575–594 | Cite as

Water Vapor Effects on Corrosion of Fe–Cr and Fe–Cr–Ni Alloys Containing Silicon in CO2 Gas at 818 °C

  • Thuan Dinh Nguyen
  • Jianqiang Zhang
  • David J. Young
Original Paper


Model alloys Fe–20Cr and Fe–20Cr–20Ni, with and without Si additions (0.1, 0.2 and 0.5 wt%), were exposed to Ar–20CO2–20H2O gas at 818 °C. All undoped alloys underwent breakaway corrosion, resulting in iron-rich oxide scales and internal carbide precipitates. Silicon addition significantly improved both oxidation and carburization resistance in wet CO2, by forming a layer of silica beneath the chromia scale. Silicon-bearing austenitic alloys underwent scale spallation on cooling from reaction. The contributions of thermal and growth stresses to spallation, and of growth stresses to the onset of breakaway are discussed.


Alloy Silicon Water vapor High temperature corrosion 



Financial support from the Australian Research Council’s Discovery Program is gratefully acknowledged.


  1. 1.
    J. P. Abellan, T. Olszewski, H. J. Penkalla, G. H. Meier, L. Singheiser and W. J. Quadakkers, Mater High Temp. 26, 63 (2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    N. Mu, K. Y. Jung, N. M. Yanar, G. H. Meier, F. S. Pettit and G. R. Holcomb, Oxid. Met. 78, 221 (2012).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. Dryepondt, A. Rouaix-Vande Put and B. A. Pint, Oxid. Met. 79, 627 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    T. Gheno, D. Monceau, J. Zhang and D. J. Young, Corros. Sci. 53, 2767 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    T. Gheno, D. Monceau and D. J. Young, Corros. Sci. 64, 222 (2012).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    T. Gheno, D. Monceau and D. J. Young, Corros. Sci. 77, 246 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    T. D. Nguyen, J. Zhang and D. J. Young, Oxid. Met. 81, 549 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Schütze, D. Renusch and M. Schorr, Corros. Eng. Sci. Technol. 39, 157 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    G. H. Meier, K. Jung, N. Mu, N. M. Yanar, F. S. Pettit, J. P. Abellán, T. Olszewski, L. N. Hierro, W. J. Quadakkers and G. R. Holcomb, Oxid. Met. 74, 319 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    T. D. Nguyen, J. Zhang and D. J. Young, Corros. Sci. 89, 220 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    T. D. Nguyen, J. Zhang and D. J. Young, Scr. Mater. 69, 9 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Thermo-Calc Windows TCW2, version, 2003, FEDAT database.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    D. J. Young, T. D. Nguyen, P. Felfer, J. Zhang and J. M. Cairney, Scr. Mater. 77, 29 (2014).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    R. H. Kane, Corrosion 37, 187 (1981). CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    E. Lang, M. J. Bennett and C. F. Knights, Mater. Sci. Eng. 88, 37 (1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    D. J. Young, High Temperature Oxidation and Corrosion of Metals, 1st ed, (Elsevier, UK, 2008).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    N. Mu, K. Y. Jung, N. M. Yanar, F. S. Pettit, G. R. Holcomb, B. H. Howard and G. H. Meier, Oxid. Met. 79, 461 (2013) .CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    D. J. Young and B. A. Pint, Oxid. Met. 66, 137 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    E. A. Polman, T. Fransen and P. J. Gellings, Oxid. Met. 32, 433 (1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    G. M. Raynaud and R. A. Rapp, Oxid. Met. 21, 89 (1984).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    H. E. Evans, D. A. Hilton, R. A. Holm and S. J. Webster, Oxid. Met. 19, 1 (1983).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    M. J. Bennett, M. R. Houlton and R. W. M. Hawes, Corros. Sci. 22, 111 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    C. Wagner, J. Electrochem. Soc. 99, 369 (1952).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    G. C. Wood and D. P. Whittle, Corros. Sci. 7, 763 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    F. Cverna, ASM Ready Reference: Thermal Properties of Metals, 1st ed, (ASM International, Materials park, 2002).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    S. Daghigh, J. L. Lebrun and A. M. Huntz, Mater. Sci. Forum 251–254, 381 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thuan Dinh Nguyen
    • 1
  • Jianqiang Zhang
    • 1
  • David J. Young
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of New South WalesSydneyAustralia

Personalised recommendations