Influence of Polishing-Induced Surface Hardening on the Adhesion of Oxide Scales Grown on a Ferritic Stainless Steel
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The influence of surface preparation on the stress and adhesion of oxide scales formed on the ferritic stainless steel AISI 441 was studied. Steel coupons were surface-finished to different degrees of surface roughness from 400-grit SiC through to 1-micron diamond, and were also electropolished to remove the work hardened surface. Initial metal roughness was measured by optical profilometry. Oxidation was carried out at 800 °C under synthetic air for 100 h. Oxide residual stress was derived from the Raman shift of the main chromia line, and adhesion of oxide scales was quantitatively obtained using forced spallation by tensile straining. The results show that surface hardening is the most influential factor on adhesion, with the high dislocation-containing mirror-polished samples exhibiting the lowest adhesion energy (~4 J m−2), and the electropolished samples with non-mechanically affected surface exhibiting the highest adhesion energy (17 J m−2). Recrystallisation of the subsurface zone during heating to the oxidation temperature is thought to be the most influential factor reducing scale adhesion.
KeywordsFerritic stainless steel Polishing Surface hardening High temperature oxidation Oxide adhesion
This work is part of the PhD thesis of Y. Madi, who thanks the Algerian government for supporting an 18-month stay in Grenoble. The authors are indebted to Dr. Francis Baillet for roughness measurements, and to Dr. Marc Verdier for nanoindentation testing.
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