Demonstration of tunable complex refractive index of graphene covered one dimensional photonic crystals

  • S. M. Hamidi
  • M. Mahboubi
  • S. M. Mohseni
  • B. Azizi
  • A. Ghaderi
  • S. Javadi


Here, we report tunable complex optical properties of one dimensional photonic crystal covered by graphene layer, as a new optical material, in the visible spectral range. For this purpose, we fabricate two different structure as one dimensional photonic crystal, with photonic band gap which centered at 650 nm, by electron gun deposition method and the chemical vapor deposition has been used to synthesize graphene top layer. To demonstrate the optical properties of our two photonic crystals affected by graphene layer, we use the reflectance spectra of the samples as a function of incidence angle. Because the sufficient sensitivity of the refractive indices of the samples, we extract the real and imaginary part of these parameters in all of visible region as a tunable complex refractive index. Our results show that we have sufficient change due to excited plasmons in graphene layer by Bloch wave of photonic crystal which is very useful for sensor applications.


One-dimensional photonic crystal Graphene layer Magneto-plasmon Bloch waves 



The authors thank central laboratory of Shahid Beheshti University for help in scanning electron microscopy measurement.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. M. Hamidi
    • 1
  • M. Mahboubi
    • 1
  • S. M. Mohseni
    • 2
  • B. Azizi
    • 2
  • A. Ghaderi
    • 2
  • S. Javadi
    • 1
  1. 1.Magneto-plasmonic Lab, Laser and Plasma Research InstituteShahid Beheshti UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Physics DepartmentShahid Beheshti UniversityTehranIran

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