Nonsequential double ionization of Xe by mid-infrared laser pulses



With the three-dimensional semiclassical ensemble model, we studied the correlated electron dynamics in strong-field nonsequential double ionization of Xe by mid-infrared laser pulses over a wide range of laser intensities. Numerical results show that the correlated electron momentum distribution exhibits the strong back-to-back pattern at the lower laser intensity. It evolves into the side-by-side behavior as the laser intensity increases and presents the experimentally observed crosslike shape at high laser intensity. Different from the case of near-infrared region where recollision mainly occurs at the first returning, at the mid-infrared region recollision dominantly occurs at the later returnings. The windows of initial transverse velocity for the various multiple-returning recollision trajectories are different and are unambiguously determined by this semiclassical ensemble model.


Nonsequential double ionization Electron correlations Mid-infrared laser pulses 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos. 11622431, 61405064 and 11234004. Numerical simulations presented in this paper were carried out using the High Performance Computing Center experimental testbed in SCTS/CGCL (see


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaomeng Ma
    • 1
  • Min Li
    • 1
  • Yueming Zhou
    • 1
  • Peixiang Lu
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.School of PhysicsHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhanPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Laboratory of Optical Information TechnologyWuhan Institute of TechnologyWuhanPeople’s Republic of China

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