Optical bistability in defective photonic multilayers doped by graphene

  • Dong Zhao
  • Zhou-qing Wang
  • Hua Long
  • Kai Wang
  • Bing Wang
  • Pei-xiang Lu


We study the optical bistability (OB) in photonic multilayers doped by graphene sheets, stacking two Bragg reflectors with a defect layer between the reflectors. OB stems from the nonlinear effect of graphene, so the local field of defect mode (DM) could enhance the nonlinearity and reduce the thresholds of bistability. The structure achieves the tunability of bistability due to that the DM frequency and transmittance could be modulated by the chemical potential. Bistability thresholds and interval of the two stable states could be remarkably reduced by decreasing the chemical potential. A lager Bragg periodic number could increase the localizing of field, but the graphene loss may decrease the intensity of transmission light. We have concluded an appropriate periodic number to achieve OB. The study suggests that the tunable bistability of the structure could be used for all-optical switches in optical communication systems.


Optical bistability Nonlinear optics Graphene 



This work is supported by the 973 Program (Grant No. 2014CB921301), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11674117, 11304108), Natural Science Foundation of Hubei Province (Grant No. 2015CFA040).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dong Zhao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhou-qing Wang
    • 1
  • Hua Long
    • 1
  • Kai Wang
    • 1
  • Bing Wang
    • 1
  • Pei-xiang Lu
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Physics and Wuhan National Laboratory for OptoelectronicsHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina
  2. 2.School of Electronics Information and EngineeringHubei University of Science and TechnologyXianningChina
  3. 3.Laboratory for Optical Information TechnologyWuhan Institute of TechnologyWuhanChina

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