Optical and Quantum Electronics

, Volume 44, Issue 15, pp 731–740 | Cite as

Transient analysis of static and dynamic responses for a single ring-resonator-based WDM add/drop filter array

  • Jeong Woo Park
  • Sahanggi Park
  • Gyungock Kim


This paper has analyzed the static and dynamic characteristics of a single ring-resonator-based optical WDM add/drop filter. The analysis has shown that the coupling coefficient of the coupler between a feeding waveguide and ring waveguide greatly influences the dynamic characteristics of a ring filter. Another determining factor was one round trip time of beam in a ring waveguide. Also, coupling coefficient has had influence on static on-chip losses in both thru and add/drop operation in a ring-resonator filter array. Considering both static and dynamic characteristics, a suitable range of coupling coefficients exists. Also, sideband rejection ratio of single ring resonator based WDM filter was investigated. Our method can provide a guide for the design and realization of a single ring-resonator based WDM add/drop filter.


Wavelength filtering devices Photonic integrated circuits Resonators 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Absil P.P., Hryniewicz J.V., Little B.E., Cho P.S., Wilson R.A., Joneckis L.G., Ho P.T.: Wavelength conversion in GaAs micro-ring resonators. Opt. Lett. 25, 554–556 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Dumon P., Bogaerts W., Wiaux V., Wouters J., Beckx S., Van Campenhout J., Taillaert D., Luyssaert B., Bienstman P., Van Thourhout D., Baets R.: Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography. IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328–1330 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Griffel G.: Synthesis of optical filters using ring resonator arrays. IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 810–812 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Grover R., Absil P.P., Van V., Hryniewicz J.V., Little B.E., King O., Calhoun L.C., Johnson F.G., Ho P.-T.: Vertically coupled GaInAsP–InP microring resonators. Opt. Lett. 26, 506–508 (2001)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Haeiwa H., Naganawa T., Kokubun Y.: Wide range center wavelength trimming of vertically coupled microring resonator filter by direct UV irradiation to SiN ring core. IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 135–137 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Heebner J.E., Wong V., Schweinsberg A., Boyd R.W., Jackson D.J.: Optical transmission characteristics of fiber ring resonators. IEEE J. Quant. Elect. 40, 726–730 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ioannidis Z.K., Radmore P.M., Giles I.P.: Dynamic response of an all-fiber ring resonator. Opt. Lett. 13, 422–424 (1988)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kaalund J.C., Peng G.-D.: Pole-zero diagram approach to the design of ring resonator-based filters for photonic applications. J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1548–1559 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Levy G.F.: Optical fiber ring resonators: analysis of transient response. IEE Proc. J 139, 313–317 (1992)Google Scholar
  10. Ling T., Chen S.-L., Guo L.J.: Fabrication and characterization of high Q polymer micro-ring resonator and its application as a sensitive ultrasonic detector. Opt. Exp. 19, 861–869 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Manipatruni S., Xu Q., Lipson M.: PINIP based high-speed high-extinction ratio micron-size silicon electro-optic modulator. Opt. Exp. 15, 13035–13042 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Melloni A., Costa R., Monguzzi P., Martinelli M.: Ring-resonator filters in silicon oxynitride technology for dense wavelength-division multiplexing systems. Opt. Lett. 28, 1567–1569 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Oda K., Takato N., Toba H.: A wide-FSR waveguide double-ring resonator for optical FDM transmission systems. J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 728–736 (1991)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Poon J.K.S., Scheuer J., Mookherjea S., Paloczi G.T., Huang Y., Yariv A.: Matrix analysis of microring coupled-resonator optical waveguides. Opt. Exp. 12, 90–103 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Schwelb O.: Transmission, group delay, and dispersion in single-ring optical resonators and add/drop filters—a tutorial overview. J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1380–1394 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Simos H., Mesaritakis C., Alexandropoulos D., Syvridis D.: Dynamic analysis of crosstalk performance in microring-based add/drop filters. J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 2027–2034 (2009)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Soref R.A., Little B.E.: Proposed N-wavelengh M-fiber WDM crossconnect switch using active microring resonators. IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1121–1123 (1998)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Xu Q., Schmidt B., Pradhan S., Lipson M.: Micrometre-scale silicon electo-optic modulator. Nature 435, 325–327 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Electronics and Telecommunications Research InstituteDaejeonRepublic of Korea

Personalised recommendations