Optical and Quantum Electronics

, Volume 41, Issue 10, pp 711–718 | Cite as

An integrated reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexer based on using an opto-VLSI processor and a 4-f imaging system

  • Mingya Shen
  • Kamal Alameh
  • Yong Tak Lee


A novel integrated reconfigurable optical add-drop multiplexer (ROADM) structure is proposed and demonstrated experimentally. The ROADM employs an interface substrate that enables the integration of a fiber-lens collimator array and an Opto-VLSI processor to realise a 4-f imaging system through optical beam steering. Phase hologram optimization of the Opto-VLSI processor is investigated, for maximizing the number of wavelength channels while keeping adequate insertion loss and crosstalk levels. Experimental results are shown, which demonstrate a broadband operation and the principle of the ROADM with crosstalk of less than −30.5 dB and insertion loss of less than 6 dB for the drop and through operation modes.


Wavelength division multiplexing Beam steering Liquid crystal on silicon 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Baxter, G., Frisken, S., Abakoumov, D., Zhu, H., Clark, I., Bartos, A., Poole, S.: Highly programmable wavelength selective switch based on liquid crystal on silicon switching elements. In: Proceedings of the OFC/NFOEC, OTuF2 (2006)Google Scholar
  2. Bernhey, R.S., Kanaan, M.: ROADM deployment, challenges, and applications. In: Proceedings of the OFC/NFOEC, pp. 1–3 (2007)Google Scholar
  3. Eldada, L., Fujita, J., Radojevic, A., Izuhara, T., Gerhardt, R., Jiandong, S., Pant, D., Wang, F., Malek, A.: 40-channel ultra-low-power compact PLC-based ROADM subsystem. In: Proceedings of the OFC/NFOEC, NThC4 (2006)Google Scholar
  4. Fracasso B., de Bougrenet de la Tocnaye J.L., Razzak M., Uche C.: Design and performance of a versatile holographic liquid-crystal wavelength-selective optical switch. IEEE. JLT 21, 2405–2411 (2003)Google Scholar
  5. Muha, M., Chiang, B., Schleicher, R.: MEMS-based channelized ROADM platform. In: Proceedings of the OFC/NFOEC, pp. 1–3 (2008)Google Scholar
  6. Roelens M.A.F., Frisken S., Bolger J.A., Abakoumov D., Baxter G., Poole S., Eggleton B.J.: Dispersion trimming in a reconfigurable wavelength selective switch. IEEE. JLT 26, 73–78 (2008)Google Scholar
  7. Stockley, J., Serati, S.: Advances in liquid crystal beam steering. (2004)
  8. Winzer P.J., Raybon G., Song H., Adamiecki A., Corteselli S., Gnauck A.H., Fishman D.A., Doerr C.R., Chandrasekhar S., Buhl L.L., Xia T.J., Wellbrock G., Lee W., Basch B., Kawanishi T., Higuma K., Painchaud Y.: 100-Gb/s DQPSK transmission: from laboratory experiments to field trials. IEEE. JLT 26, 3388–3402 (2008)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre of Excellence for MicroPhotonic SystemEdith Cowan UniversityJoondalupAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Information and CommunicationsGwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST)GwangjuSouth Korea

Personalised recommendations